Learn More
We analyzed the 16S ribosomal DNAs of three obligately aerobic, bacteriochlorophyll a-containing bacteria, "Roseococcus thiosulfatophilus," "Erythromicrobium ramosum," and new isolate T4T (T = type strain), which was obtained from a marine cyanobacterial mat. "Roseococcus thiosulfatophilus" is a member of the alpha-1 subclass of the Proteobacteria and is(More)
A new purple sulfur bacterium was isolated from microbial films on decaying plant mass in the near-shore area of the soda lake Malyi Kasytui (pH 9.5, 0.2% salinity) located in the steppe of the Chita region of south-east Siberia. Single cells were vibrioid- or spiral-shaped (3-4 microns wide and 7-20 microns long) and motile by means of a polar tuft of(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the genes of 16S rRNAs were determined for the type strain Oscillochloris trichoides DG-6T and three new strains of Oscillochloris-like mesophilic filamentous green bacteria. Two major clusters have been found within the family Chloroflexaceae by phylogenetic-analysis: one cluster includes thermophilic species of Chloroflexus and(More)
A rod-shaped heliobacterium motile by peritrichous flagella, designated strain OS-H1, was isolated from a sample of shoreline soil of the soda lake Ostozhe (pH 9.2, total salt content 0.22%) located in the steppe of south-east Siberia. In the first few transfers, the isolate produced heat-resistant endospores. Like other heliobacteria, strain OS-H1(More)
Four strains of purple sulfur bacteria containing bacteriochlorophyll b were isolated from cyanobacterial mats of soda lakes in the steppe of south-east Siberia, Russia. Cells of all strains were cocci without gas vesicles. Eventually, cells with flagella were seen in the electron microscope, but motile cells were observed very rarely in cultures. Internal(More)
An isolate of purple non-sulfur bacteria was obtained from an acidic Sphagnum peat bog and designated strain RS(T). The colour of cell suspensions of this bacterium growing in the light under anaerobic conditions is purplish red. Cells of strain RS(T) are rod-shaped, 0.8-1.0 microm wide and 2.0-6.0 microm long, motile by means of polar flagella, reproduce(More)
A culture of phototrophic purple bacteria containing bacteriochlorophyll b has been isolated. The bacterium forms a sessile bud and, along with producing motile swarmer cells, it produces immobile oval cells surrounded with a slime capsule. It grows on media with simple organic substances in the presence of yeast extract or vitamins, under anaerobic(More)
The structure and production characteristics of microbial communities from the Urinskii alkaline hot spring (Buryat Republic, Russia) have been investigated. A distinctive characteristic of this hot spring is the lack of sulfide in the issuing water. The water temperature near the spring vents ranged from 69 to 38.5 degrees C and pH values ranged from 8.8(More)
Two new species of heliobacteria isolated from cyanobacterial mats of two alkaline sulfidic hot springs are formally described. Strains BR4 and BG29 are assigned to anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria of the family Heliobacteriaceae, since they possess the unique properties of this taxon: strict anaerobiosis, formation of bacteriochlorophyll g, the lack of(More)
Microbial communities growing in the bed of the alkaline, sulfide hot spring Bol'sherechenskii (the Baikal rift area) were studied over many years (1986-2001). The effluent water temperature ranged from 72 to 74 degrees C, pH was from 9.25 to 9.8, and sulfide content was from 12 to 13.4 mg/ml. Simultaneous effects of several extreme factors restrict the(More)