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A new purple sulfur bacterium was isolated from microbial films on decaying plant mass in the near-shore area of the soda lake Malyi Kasytui (pH 9.5, 0.2% salinity) located in the steppe of the Chita region of south-east Siberia. Single cells were vibrioid- or spiral-shaped (3-4 microns wide and 7-20 microns long) and motile by means of a polar tuft of(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the genes of 16S rRNAs were determined for the type strain Oscillochloris trichoides DG-6T and three new strains of Oscillochloris-like mesophilic filamentous green bacteria. Two major clusters have been found within the family Chloroflexaceae by phylogenetic-analysis: one cluster includes thermophilic species of Chloroflexus and(More)
We analyzed the 16S ribosomal DNAs of three obligately aerobic, bacteriochlorophyll a-containing bacteria, "Roseococcus thiosulfatophilus," "Erythromicrobium ramosum," and new isolate T4T (T = type strain), which was obtained from a marine cyanobacterial mat. "Roseococcus thiosulfatophilus" is a member of the alpha-1 subclass of the Proteobacteria and is(More)
A rod-shaped heliobacterium motile by peritrichous flagella, designated strain OS-H1, was isolated from a sample of shoreline soil of the soda lake Ostozhe (pH 9.2, total salt content 0.22%) located in the steppe of south-east Siberia. In the first few transfers, the isolate produced heat-resistant endospores. Like other heliobacteria, strain OS-H1(More)
A novel, obligately anaerobic, alkalithermophilic, chemo-organotrophic bacterium was isolated from the sediment of an alkaline hot spring located on Paoha Island in Mono Lake, California, USA. This rod-shaped bacterium was motile via peritrichous flagella. Isolated strains grew optimally in 5-25 g NaCl l(-1), at pH 9.0-9.5 and at a temperature of 58 degrees(More)
A novel alkaliphilic heliobacterium was isolated from microbial mats of a low-salt alkaline Siberian soda lake. Cells of the new organism were tightly coiled when grown in coculture with a rod-shaped bacterium, but grew as short filaments when finally obtained in pure culture. The new phototroph, designated strain BT-H1, produced bacteriochlorophyll g and a(More)
Four strains of purple sulfur bacteria containing bacteriochlorophyll b were isolated from cyanobacterial mats of soda lakes in the steppe of south-east Siberia, Russia. Cells of all strains were cocci without gas vesicles. Eventually, cells with flagella were seen in the electron microscope, but motile cells were observed very rarely in cultures. Internal(More)
The results of investigations on the morphology, physiology, pigment composition, light-harvesting antenna and reaction center organization, and electron carriers of five Erythromicrobium representatives, and on phylogenetic relations among them, are summarized. On the basis of clear phenotypic differences and distinct phylogenetic positions shown by 16S(More)
We have studied the activity and composition of several geochemically significant physiological groups of bacteria in more than twenty alkaline salt lakes of the north-east Mongolia steppe with water salinity from 3 to 390 g l−1 and pH values ranging from 9.0 to 10.6. Active and diverse microbial communities have been found in most of the lakes. The(More)
Two strains of pink-colored aerobic bacteriochlorophyll a-containing bacteria were isolated from aerobic (strain ROS 10) and anaerobic (strain ROS 35) zones of the water column of Mono Lake (California, United States). Cells of the bacteria were nonmotile oval gram-negative rods multiplying by binary fission by means of a constriction. No intracellular(More)