Vladimir Lamm

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Approximately 39 million people are blind worldwide, with an estimated 285 million visually impaired. The developing world shoulders 90% of the world's blindness, with 80% of causative diseases being preventable or treatable. Blindness has a major detrimental impact on the patient, community, and healthcare spending. Corneal diseases are significant causes(More)
This study examined the possibility that pudendal nerve stimulation (PNS) or tibial nerve stimulation (TNS) inhibits the excitatory pathway from the pontine micturition center (PMC) to the urinary bladder. In decerebrate cats under α-chloralose anesthesia, electrical stimulation of the PMC (40 Hz frequency, 0.2-ms pulse width, 10-25 s duration) using a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of opioid, β-adrenergic, and metabotropic glutamate 5 receptors in sacral neuromodulation of bladder overactivity. MATERIAL AND METHODS In α-chloralose anesthetized cats, intravesical infusion of 0.5% acetic acid (AA) irritated the bladder and induced bladder overactivity. Electric stimulation (5 Hz, 0.2 ms, 0.16-0.7V) of(More)
This study investigated the role of the hypogastric nerve and β-adrenergic mechanisms in the inhibition of nociceptive and non-nociceptive reflex bladder activity induced by pudendal nerve stimulation (PNS). In α-chloralose-anesthetized cats, non-nociceptive reflex bladder activity was induced by slowly infusing saline into the bladder, whereas nociceptive(More)
Acetic acid promotes the reduction of aldehydes and ketones by the readily available N-heterocyclic carbene borane, 1,3-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene borane. Aldehydes are reduced over 1-24 h at room temperature with 1 equiv of acetic acid and 0.5 equiv of the NHC-borane. Ketone reductions are slower but can be accelerated by using 5 equiv of acetic acid.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and feasibility of same-day anterior urethroplasty at our institution and define predictors of postoperative admission and surgical failure. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 118 consecutive anterior urethroplasties performed at a tertiary care center. Data were analyzed to detect predictors of(More)
This study investigated the role of γ-aminobutyric acid subtype B (GABAB) receptors in tibial and pudendal neuromodulation of bladder overactivity induced by intravesical administration of dilute (0.5%) acetic acid (AA) in α-chloralose-anesthetized cats. To inhibit bladder overactivity, tibial or pudendal nerve stimulation (TNS or PNS) was applied at 5 Hz(More)
AIMS To investigate the effects of electrical stimulation of sacral dorsal/ventral roots on irritation-induced bladder overactivity, reveal possible different mechanisms under nociceptive bladder conditions, and establish a large animal model of sacral neuromodulation. METHODS Intravesical infusion of 0.5% acetic acid (AA) was used to irritate the bladder(More)
Thermal 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions of 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene dihydridoboron azide occur smoothly with alkynes, nitriles, and alkenes bearing electron-withdrawing groups. New, stable NHC-boryl-substituted triazoles, tetrazoles, and triazolidines are formed in good to excellent yields.
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