Vladimir Kozousek

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The degree of venous beading in ocular fundus images has been shown to be a more powerful predictor of conversion to proliferative diabetic retinopathy than any other type of retinal abnormality. Further, the degree of venous beading has been shown to be well correlated with disease progression. An algorithm for automated grading of venous beading in(More)
BACKGROUND The Enhanced Vision Screening Program is a population-based vision screening program that has, at present, examined 59,782 children. Its main goal is to detect amblyopia, strabismus, and high refractive errors. An average of 11,910 4 1/2- to 5 1/2-year-old children are screened yearly. The current study determines the negative predictive value of(More)
A pharmacological study was made of the effects of various muscarinic and nicotinic agonists and their antagonists on the release of [3H]noradrenaline ([3H]NA) from cultures of isolated bovine adrenal medullary cells. A study was also made of the effects of substance P and somatostatin on the release of [3H]NA evoked by nicotinic agonists. By 2 days in(More)
Venous beading associated with diabetic retinopathy is currently assessed by means of subjective comparison to standard photographs from the modified Airlie House classification scheme. We describe a computerized grading scheme for venous beading. The algorithm, based on Fourier analysis of vessel width measurements, generates a venous beading index (VBI)(More)
We used the long acting somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 in order to examine the feasibility and effect of medical suppression of growth hormone in nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. Six insulin-dependent diabetic subjects with nonproliferative retinopathy were studied. After eight weeks of SMS 201-995 administration, 24-hour integrated plasma growth(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is the most common cause of blindness in AIDS. Twenty patients were treated with a 21-day course of foscarnet therapy by continuous infusion. Response to therapy was good in eight (47%) of 17 evaluable patients; partial arrest of progression was observed in eight (47%); and no response was obtained in one (6%). Foscarnet(More)
To evaluate the possible public health consequences of diabetic retinopathy in Nova Scotia, we investigated the number and frequency of ophthalmologic examinations in patients with diabetes mellitus. A total of 36,683 people (4.2%) were identified from the administrative database of the provincial health department as having a diagnostic code of diabetes(More)
The objective of this document is to provide guidance to Canadian ophthalmologists regarding screening and diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy (DR), management of diabetes as it pertains specifically to DR, and surgical and nonsurgical approaches to the treatment of DR. These guidelines apply to all Canadians with type 1 or type 2 diabetes of all ethnic(More)