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Analysis of amino acid sequences of insulinotropic polypeptides revealed a common short fragment consisting of four amino acid residues. We synthesized KEDWa tetrapeptide, analog of this fragment protected from the effects of gastrointestinal proteinases. This tetrapeptide partially restored insulin synthesis in rats with alloxan-induced diabetes. The slope(More)
The review comprises the results of author’s long-term investigation in the mechanisms of aging and a role of peptide bioregulators in prevention of age-related pathology. A number of small peptides have been isolated from different organs and tissues and their analogues (di-, tri-, tetrapeptides) were synthesized from the amino acids. It was shown that(More)
We previously showed that treatment of normal human diploid cells with Epithalon (Ala-Glu-Asp-Gly) induced expression of telomerase catalytic subunit, its enzymatic activity, and elongation of telomeres. Here we studied the effect of this peptide on proliferative potential of human fetal fibroblasts. Primary pulmonary fibroblasts derived from a 24-week(More)
We studied the effects of the synthetic peptide Livagen on activity of ribosomal genes, denaturation parameters of heterochromatin, polymorphism of structural C-heterochromatin, and variability of facultative heterochromatin in lymphocytes from old people. Livagen induced activation of ribosomal genes, decondensation of pericentromeric structural(More)
Female transgenic FVB/N mice carrying the breast cancer gene HER-2/neu received epithalon (Ala-Glu-Asp-Gly) in a dose of 1 mg subcutaneously 5 times a week to from the 2nd month of life to death. Epithalon prolonged the average and maximum lifetimes of mice by 13.5 (p<0.05) and 13.9%, respectively. The peptide prolonged the average lifetime of animals(More)
The effects of Ala-Glu-Asp-Gly peptide (Epithalon) on the life span and development of spontaneous tumors were studied in female rats exposed to standard, natural for North-Western Russia, and constant illumination. The mean life span of animals exposed to constant or natural illumination decreased by 13.5 and 25.5%, the maximum by 9 and 7 months,(More)
The effect of epithalamin on circadian rhythms of thymic serum factor titers and melatonin concentrations in the blood of elderly people was studied. Course treatment with epithalamin modulated the rhythm of the thymic endocrine function. The increase in the titer of thymic serum factor at night coincided with the increase in blood melatonin concentration(More)
The effects of factors from the pineal gland on the titer of thymic serum factor in the supernatant of 3-h thymus stroma cultures, number of stromal precursor fibroblasts and CD4+ cells in the bone marrow, and CD8+ cells in the spleens of adult and old CBA mice were studied in vitro. Epithalamin, Epithalon, and melatonin appreciably increased the titer of(More)
This review discusses age-specific functional changes in different components of the endocrine system (pituitary, epiphysis, adrenals, and gonads), their role in aging and age-specific diseases, and possible approaches to correction of endocrine disorders and prevention of accelerated aging.
64 Short peptides (2,3,4 amino acids) inhibit or enhance the hydrolysis of phage λ DNA by site spe cific wheat endonucleases WEN1 and WEN2 depend ing on the DNA methylation status. The effect of endonucleases is modulated by peptides presumably as a result of their binding to DNA. Peptides recognize not only specific DNA sequences but also their meth(More)