Vladimir K Plakunov

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Penetration of glucose into cells of several extremely halophilic archaebacteria of the Halobacterium and Haloferax genera (Halobacterium saccharovorum and Halobacterium salinarium, Haloferax volcanii and Haloferax mediterranei) has been studied. Some characteristics of transport systems of carbohydrate-utilizing halobacteria Halobacterium saccharovorum,(More)
The definition of the term “biofilm” and the validity of the analogy between these structured microbial communities and multicellular organisms are discussed in the review. The mechanisms of biofilm formation, the types of interrelations of the components of biofilms, and the reasons for biofilm resistance to biocides and stress factors are considered in(More)
Kinetic characteristics of model enzymes and physicochemical properties of globular proteins modified by chemical analogues of low-molecular-weight microbial autoregulators (alkylhydroxybenzenes, AHBs) have been studied. C7 and C12 AHB homologues were used, differing in the length of the alkyl radical and the capacity for weak physicochemical interactions.(More)
The connection between the efficiency of phenolic lipids and their hydrophobic property (solubility) and hydrophobic property of microorganisms’ cell structure is shown. The mixture of amphiphilic di(oxiphenil)-phenil-methanes, which act bacteriostatically under 15 mg/l, possesses maximal efficiency against Staphylococcus aureus. Against Mycobacterium(More)
Biofilms of a number of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria (both environmental strains from the stratal waters of oil fields and collection strains) were found to exhibit higher resistance to extreme physicochemical factors (unfavorable temperature, pH, and salt concentration) than planktonic cultures. The extracellular polymers forming the structure(More)
The growth characteristics of an algo-bacterial community (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and bacterial satellites) were studied, as well as the mechanism and patterns of bacterial effect on algae. Four strains of predominant bacteria were isolated and partially characterized. They were assigned to the following taxa: Rhodococcus terrea, Micrococcus roseus, and(More)
The biochemical mechanisms were studied that determine different reactions of yeasts of different genera to two simultaneously imposed stressors, hypoxia and osmotic shock. For Candida lipolytica, these two stressors were antagonistic, which resulted in stimulation (and not suppression) of the growth of this yeast by NaCl (in a wide range of concentrations)(More)
The action of monovalent inorganic cations -Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, NH4+ - on assimilation of tetracycline antibiotics by Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus), and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) bacteria sensitive and resistant to these antibiotics, was studied. It was found that K+ ions and, to a lesser degree, Rb+ and NH4+ ions, stimulate assimilation(More)
259 The biofilms formed by pathogenic microorgann isms are responsible for a number of chronic infections resistant to antibiotic treatment [1]. The use of medii cal devices introduced into a macroorganism, such as catheters, artificial valves, etc. is hindered by biofilm formation [2–4]. Moreover, biofilms are among the major agents responsible for the(More)
Controlling the formation and reconstruction of microbial biofilms is of ever increasing importance for the ecological, medical, and biotechnological aspects of biofilm studies. The goal of this review was to provide systematization and analysis of the results obtained in recent years on the modes and mechanisms of the stimulatory or inhibitory effect of(More)