Vladimir I. Bashkirov

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We describe here a protocol for digital transcriptome analysis in a single mouse oocyte and blastomere using a deep-sequencing approach. In this method, individual cells are isolated and transferred into lysate buffer by mouth pipette, followed by reverse transcription carried out directly on the whole cell lysate. Free primers are removed by exonuclease I(More)
Exoribonucleases are important enzymes for the turnover of cellular RNA species. We have isolated the first mammalian cDNA from mouse demonstrated to encode a 5'-3' exoribonuclease. The structural conservation of the predicted protein and complementation data in Saccharomyces cerevisiae suggest a role in cytoplasmic mRNA turnover and pre-rRNA processing(More)
When replication forks stall during DNA synthesis, cells respond by assembling multi-protein complexes to control the various pathways that stabilize the replication machinery, repair the replication fork, and facilitate the reinitiation of processive DNA synthesis. Increasing evidence suggests that cells have evolved scaffolding proteins to orchestrate and(More)
A new DNA repair gene from Schizosaccharomyces pombe with homology to RecA was identified and characterized. Comparative analysis showed highest similarity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad55p. rhp55(+) (rad homologue pombe 55) encodes a predicted 350-amino-acid protein with an M(r) of 38,000. The rhp55Delta mutant was highly sensitive to methyl(More)
Checkpoints, which are integral to the cellular response to DNA damage, coordinate transient cell cycle arrest and the induced expression of DNA repair genes after genotoxic stress. DNA repair ensures cellular survival and genomic stability, utilizing a multipathway network. Here we report evidence that the two systems, DNA damage checkpoint control and DNA(More)
A new DNA repair gene from fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe rlp1+ (RecA-like protein) has been identified. Rlp1 shows homology to RecA-like proteins, and is the third S. pombe Rad51 paralog besides Rhp55 and Rhp57. The new gene encodes a 363 aa protein with predicted Mr of 41,700 and has NTP-binding motif. The rlp1Delta mutant is sensitive to methyl(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking the SEP1 (also known as XRN1, KEM1, DST2, RAR5) gene function exhibit a number of phenotypes in cellular processes related to microtubule function. Mutant cells show increased sensitivity to the microtubule-destabilizing drug benomyl, increased chromosome loss, a karyogamy defect, impaired spindle pole body separation,(More)
Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rhp55 and Rhp57 are RecA-like proteins involved in double-strand break (DSB) repair. Here we demonstrate that Rhp55 and Rhp57 proteins strongly interact in vivo, similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad55p and Rad57p. Mutations in the conserved ATP-binding/hydrolysis folds of both the Rhp55 and Rhp57 proteins impaired their function(More)
The serine-threonine kinase Dun1 contains a forkhead-associated (FHA) domain and functions in the DNA damage checkpoint pathway of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It belongs to the Chk2 family of checkpoint kinases, which includes S. cerevisiae Rad53 and Mek1, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Cds1, and human Chk2. Dun1 is required for DNA damage-induced transcription of(More)
DNA damage checkpoints coordinate the cellular response to genotoxic stress and arrest the cell cycle in response to DNA damage and replication fork stalling. Homologous recombination is a ubiquitous pathway for the repair of DNA double-stranded breaks and other checkpoint-inducing lesions. Moreover, homologous recombination is involved in postreplicative(More)