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Although a new virus, GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV), has been isolated from patients with hepatitis by two different research groups, its prevalence in the world and pathogenesis are still unknown. In this study, 92 samples from the Jewish population of Uzbekistan were investigated for the prevalence of GBV-C/HGV. GBV-C/HGV RNA was detected by(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a widespread neurodegenerative autoimmune disease with unknown etiology. It is increasingly evident that, together with pathogenic T cells, autoreactive B cells are among the major players in MS development. The analysis of myelin neuroantigen-specific antibody repertoires and their possible cross-reactivity against environmental(More)
We report the molecular characterization of 38 new Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) strains from Russian patients with either classic (25 cases), epidemic/AIDS-associated (7 cases), or posttransplant/immunosuppressed patients (6 cases), or Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). While a complete sequence of the K1 gene (870 bp) was obtained from 30 strains,(More)
The present investigation was carried out to estimate the prevalence of EBV-associated cases among gastric carcinoma (GC) patients of Russia and the Republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU). With this aim, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded blocks from 206 gastric carcinomas obtained from patients of the Cancer Research Center, Moscow, were investigated by(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is tightly linked to the induction of undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a tumour endemic in certain areas of southeast Asia. The LMP1 gene encoded by EBV is a classical oncogene due to its ability to transform rodent fibroblasts. LMP1 is absolutely essential for transformation of B cells by the virus and is one of(More)
Chronic infections caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the main risk factors for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in humans. Both viruses cause a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from healthy carrier state to acute and chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and HCC. HBV and HCV belong to(More)
Tumours were raised in both congenitally athymic ('nude') Swiss mice and in neonatally thymectomized, Ara-C-protected, whole-body irradiated CBA mice by subcutaneous inoculation of cells from a variety of cultured human lines. In both types of animal, tumours tended to grow massively at the site of inoculation, with some infiltration of adjacent tissues but(More)
Serological responses to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated antigens were studied in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients in 2 countries non-endemic for the disease: the USSR (77 cases) and Cuba (55 cases). Two age- and sex-matched control groups were available, one consisting of patients with other head-and-neck tumours (OHNT) (171 from the USSR and 56(More)
A quantitative in vivo assay for evaluating the tumorigenicity of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cell lines in nude mice is described. It is based on the dose-response kinetics of BL cell lines in pre-irradiated (480 rad) nude mice following the s.c. injection of 4 different cell doses. This model system was used to estimate the xenografting potential of 26 BL(More)
We report the molecular characterization, with subtyping of both K1 and K14.1/K15 genomic regions, of seven new human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) strains from Russian patients with classical Kaposi's sarcoma. Phylogenetic studies, based on the complete K1 gene/protein analysis, indicate that six of these strains belong to the A subtype, with one belonging to the(More)