Vladimir Arkhipov

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The expression of mitochondrial protein UCP2 and cytochrome C-oxidase subunit III genes in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex was evaluated by real-time PCR 3 and 7 days after microinjection of kainic acid into the dorsal hippocampus. In contrast to cytochrome C-oxidase subunit III mRNA, the level of UCP2 mRNA in the hippocampus increased 1 week after(More)
AIM The present study aimed to understand the relationship between pharmacological activation of mGlu4 receptors and regulation of its gene in the hippocampus. MAIN METHODS The expression level of the GRM4 gene, encoding mGluR4 receptors, was studied in the hippocampus and frontal cortex of rats after pharmacological activation of the receptor with(More)
Gene expression of mGluR2, mGluR3 and mGluR5 was evaluated in the hippocampus and frontal cortex in Wistar rats in 1 and 4 weeks after bilateral microinjection of kainic acid into the dorsal hippocampus. The time-course of the receptors' expression suggested their adaptive role in response on the induction of excitotoxicity. It was assumed that the decrease(More)
The expression of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR2, mGluR3, mGluR4, and mGluR5) and dendritic cytoplasmic BC1 RNA in the hippocampus and frontal neocortex of Wistar rats was studied 1 and 4 weeks after intrahippocampal microinjection of kainic acid. The efficiency of glutamatergic transmission was shown to change not only in the injured hippocampus,(More)
The review is devoted to experimental investigations of metabotropic glutamate receptors and the properties of drugs (ligands) belonging to agonists, antagonists, and modulators of the activity of these receptors. Possibilities of the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders, cognitive disturbances in schizophrenia patients, and narcotic dependency by using(More)
The expression of synaptophysin (vesicular protein) and mGluR5 (metabotropic glutamate receptor) genes was studied 3, 7, and 20 days after cainic acid injury of the dorsal hippocampal area in Wistar rats. The expression of both genes was characteristically reduced in the hippocampus. Twenty days after the exposure the expression of mGluR5 in this brain area(More)
Cognitive processes and functional state of mitochondria in brain structures of Wistar rats were studied after intrahippocampal injection of kainic acid, an agonist of glutamate receptors. A single administration of 0.25 microg kainic acid into the dorsal part of the left and right hippocampi affected task retrieval and decreased inhibition of unrewarded(More)
1. Uptake of [3H]uridine into the nucleotide precursor pool after intraventricular injection occurs with the same intensity in the brain of torpid and normothermic awakened ground squirrels. This indicates that the membrane uridine transporters and uridine kinases operate in the hibernator's brain in a hypothermia-tolerant way. 2. Utilization of the(More)
The phenomenon of dissociated memory retrieval is observed when some influences (for example, pharmacological) on the brain result in specific changes of long-term memory. The purpose of present paper is to reveal possibilities of the phenomenon for study of long-term memory retrieval. Pharmacologically-induced dissociated states could be identified when(More)
Male Wistar rats were trained with a food rewarded task and treated with single convulsive dose of picrotoxin. Behavioural test for response extinction by non-reinforcement procedure, which was considered as inhibitory learning, was performed 1, 2, 5, or 7 days after the treatment. The results obtained showed that 5 days after seizures, the animals(More)