Vladimir A Ruzhynsky

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Here we show a novel function for Retinoblastoma family member, p107 in controlling stem cell expansion in the mammalian brain. Adult p107-null mice had elevated numbers of proliferating progenitor cells in their lateral ventricles. In vitro neurosphere assays revealed striking increases in the number of neurosphere forming cells from p107(-/-) brains that(More)
The cell cycle regulatory retinoblastoma (Rb) protein is a key regulator of neural precursor proliferation; however, its role has been expanded to include a novel cell-autonomous role in mediating neuronal migration. We sought to determine the Rb-interacting factors that mediate both the cell cycle and migration defects. E2F1 and E2F3 are likely(More)
A possible role of extracellular Cl(-) concentration ([Cl(-)](o)) in fatigue was investigated in isolated skeletal muscles of the mouse. When [Cl(-)](o) was lowered from 128 to 10 mM, peak tetanic force was unchanged, fade was exacerbated (wire stimulation electrodes), and a hump appeared during tetanic relaxation in both nonfatigued slow-twitch soleus and(More)
Cell cycle proteins are important regulators of diverse cell fate decisions, and in this capacity have pivotal roles in neurogenesis and brain development. The mechanisms by which cell cycle regulation is integrated with cell fate control in the brain and other tissues are poorly understood, and an outstanding question is whether the cell cycle machinery(More)
Angiosarcoma is a rare high-grade malignant neoplasm with poor clinical outcome and survival rates, occurring most commonly in the skin and soft tissue. It is composed of neoplastic cells that demonstrate endothelial differentiation. The diagnosis of angiosarcoma can be difficult due to its pathohistologic presentation as a poorly differentiated neoplasm(More)
Paradoxical air embolism is a very rare complication associated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Incidence may be higher if patients also suffer from a septal heart defect. We report the case of a 76-year old male who presented for PCNL treatment of a right kidney lower calyceal calculus. During the procedure, the patient developed signs and(More)
OBJECTIVE Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) pathology specimens which lack muscle are associated with clinical upstaging and may necessitate repeat resections, potentially delaying curative treatment. This study evaluated whether resident involvement in TURBT is associated with suboptimal perioperative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS All(More)
Increasingly, studies reveal novel functions for cell cycle proteins during development. Here, we investigated the role of E2F4 in eye development. E2F4-deficient mouse embryos exhibit severe early eye patterning defects, which are evident from embryonic day 11.5 and characterized by aberrant shape of the optic cup, coloboma as well as abnormal eye(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain practice patterns of prescribing continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) and obtaining a voiding cystourethrogram for infants with antenatal hydronephrosis (AHN) by pediatric nephrologists and urologists across Canada. METHODS A previously piloted online survey was distributed to members of the Canadian pediatric nephrology and(More)
Early forebrain development is characterized by extensive proliferation of neural precursors coupled with complex structural transformations; however, little is known regarding the mechanisms by which these processes are integrated. Here, we show that deficiency of the cell cycle regulatory protein, E2F4, results in the loss of ventral telencephalic(More)