Vladimir A Hovhannisyan

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The conjugates of gold nanorods and the model drug, fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), embedded inside polyelectrolytes (GNRs/FITC@PLE) were synthesized to study the release kinetics of FITC under femtosecond near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation. The optical and structural properties of GNRs/FITC@PLE conjugates before and after laser treatments were(More)
We utilize multiphoton microscopy for the label-free diagnosis of noncancerous, lung adenocarcinoma (LAC), and lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) tissues from humans. Our results show that the combination of second-harmonic generation (SHG) and multiphoton excited autofluorescence (MAF) signals may be used to acquire morphological and quantitative(More)
Tissue glycation from diabetes and aging can result in complications such as renal failure, blindness, nerve damage and vascular diseases. In this work, we applied multiphoton microscopy for imaging and characterizing the extent of tissue glycation. The characteristic features of multiphoton autofluorescence (MPAF) and second harmonic generation (SHG)(More)
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most valuable organisms in studying genetics and developmental biology. To gain insight into Drosophila development, we successfully acquired label-free, in vivo images of both developing muscles and internal organs in a stage 2 larva using the minimally invasive imaging modality of multiphoton(More)
In this work, we investigate the non-ablative, non-thermal photo-modification of collagen fibers by femtosecond Ti:Sa laser. The effect was induced and simultaneously registered during the repetitive laser scanning of type I collagen (rat tail and bovine Achilles' tendon), and bovine cornea. An irreversible increase in two-photon autofluorescence and a(More)
Large-area multiphoton laser scanning microscopy (LMLSM) can be applied in biology and medicine for high sensitivity and resolution tissue imaging. However, factors such as refractive index mismatch induced spherical aberration, emission/excitation absorption and scattering can result in axial intensity attenuation and lateral image heterogeneity, affecting(More)
The effects of off-axis optical aberration in multiphoton microscopy and the resulting lateral and axial image inhomogeneity are investigated. The lateral inhomogeneity of the scanning field is demonstrated by second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging of fasciae and two-photon fluorescence (TPF) microscopy of thin fluorescent samples. Furthermore, refractive(More)
We used the combination of multiphoton autofluorescence (MAF), forward second-harmonic generation (FWSHG), and backward second-harmonic generation (BWSHG) imaging for the qualitative and quantitative characterization of thermal damage of ex vivo bovine cornea. We attempt to characterize the structural alterations by qualitative MAF, FWSHG, and BWSHG imaging(More)
Optical clearing (OC) is a promising method to overcome limitations in biomedical depth-resolved optical studies. Mechanisms of OC in purified bovine Achilles tendon, chicken skin, and chicken tendon were studied using time-lapsed, three-dimensional second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon fluorescence microscopic imaging. Quantified nonlinear(More)
Photophysical mechanisms of collagen photomodification (CFP) by the use of a 80 MHz, 780 nm femtosecond titanium-sapphire laser were investigated. Our observation that the decrease in collagen second harmonic generation and increase in two-photon autofluorescence intensity occurred primarily at sites where photoproducts were present suggested that the(More)