Vladimír Strbák

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There is considerable evidence linking alcohol consumption and sedation and TRH in the brain septum. Moreover, innate septal TRH concentration is inversely related to the degree of ethanol preference. Recently we demonstrated in rats that four-week ethanol drinking increased the septal TRH content by 50 %. We had shown previously that ethanol induces(More)
The aims of this study were to test if ethanol induces thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) secretion in vitro from the posterior pituitary and hypothalamic explants by a mechanism involving cell swelling, and to characterize the pathway of stimulated secretion. Ethanol, at a concentration of 80 mM, stimulated the release of TRH from the posterior pituitary,(More)
The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, representing cell bodies in which thyrotropin-releasing hormone is synthesized, and the median eminence, representing nerve terminals, were incubated in vitro. Various hypo- and hyperosmotic solutions were tested to determine osmotic sensitivity of thyrotropin-releasing hormone secretion. High KCl (56 mM) causing(More)
1. Hypophysiotropic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is synthesized in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and transported to the median eminence (ME) where it enters the hypophyseal portal blood. TRH in the ME is situated exclusively in nerve terminals, whereas TRH in the PVN and septum is of extrinsic (nerve terminals) as well as intrinsic(More)
1. Cell swelling induces exocytosis of material stored in secretory vesicles resulting in a secretory burst of peptidic hormones or enzymes from various types of cells including endocrine cells and neurons. We have previously shown that swelling-induced exocytosis possesses limited selectivity; hypotonic medium evokes TRH but not oxytocin release from(More)
There is considerable evidence linking alcohol consumption, sedation, and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in the brain septum. We have shown that ethanol in clinically relevant concentrations can in vitro induce TRH release from the septum by a mechanism involving neuronal swelling. Corticotropin-releasing hormone-deficient (CRH-KO) mice serve as an(More)
The thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is a molecule with widespread distribution through many organ systems. The function of TRH is probably not identical in each system so that TRH synthesis and secretion may be unique for each system under specific experimental conditions. The present study was designed to explore the common and diverse features of the(More)
Previous studies have indicated that isosmolar, but not hyperosmolar, ethanol induces in vitro gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion from the basal hypothalamus, presumably by causing cell swelling. Moreover, ethanol reduces secretion of another hypothalamic neuropeptide vasopressin. We have studied the acute effect of ethanol on specific(More)
TRH is present throughout the central nervous system possessing many different functions. Only TRH synthesized in the hypothalamic PVN and transported to the ME regulates anterior pituitary secretion of thyrotropin. To investigate this hypophysiotropic system, we have developed a method using dissected rat PVN and ME, representing mostly cell bodies and(More)