Vladimír R. Buzek

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Wootters [Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2245 (1998)] has given an explicit formula for the entanglement of formation of two qubits in terms of what he calls the concurrence of the joint density operator. Wootters’s concurrence is defined with the help of the superoperator that flips the spin of a qubit. We generalize the spin-flip superoperator to a “universal(More)
Using tools of quantum information theory we show that the ground state of the Dicke model exhibits an infinite sequence of instabilities (quantum-phase-like transitions). These transitions are characterized by abrupt changes of the bi-partite entanglement between atoms at critical values kappa(j) of the atom-field coupling parameter kappa and are(More)
We show that the basic dynamical rules of quantum physics can be derived from its static properties and the condition that superluminal communication is forbidden. More precisely, the fact that the dynamics has to be described by linear completely positive maps on density matrices is derived from the following assumptions: (1) physical states are described(More)
We study the relaxation of a quantum system towards the thermal equilibrium using tools developed within the context of quantum information theory. We consider a model in which the system is a qubit, and reaches equilibrium after several successive two-qubit interactions (thermalizing machines) with qubits of a reservoir. We characterize completely the(More)
described as a vector in an 2-dimensional Hilbert spaceHa0 spanned by two orthonormal basis vectors |0〉a0 and |1〉a0 . The complex amplitudes αi are normalized to unity, i.e. |α0| + |α1| = 1. Simultaneously Bob has a qubit initially prepared in a specific (i.e., known) state |0〉a1 which is a vector in the Hilbert space Ha1 . From the general rules of quantum(More)
When standard methods of process (black-box) estimation are applied straightforwardly then it may happen that some sets of experimental data result in unphysical estimations of the corresponding channels (maps) describing the process. To prevent this problem, one can use the method of maximum likelihood (MML), which provides an efficient scheme for(More)