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Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital red blood cell aplasia that is usually diagnosed during early infancy. Apart from defects in red blood cell maturation, the disorder is also associated with various physical anomalies in 40% of patients. Mutations in the ribosomal protein (RP) S19 are found in 25% of patients, while mutations in other proteins(More)
The unsatisfactory results of current anti-cancer therapies require the active search for new drugs, new treatment strategies and a deeper understanding of the host-tumour relationship. From this point of view, the drugs with a capacity to substitute the functions of altered tumour suppressor genes are of prominent interest. Since one of the main functions(More)
We used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and conventional cytogenetics (CC) to define chromosomal changes and to evaluate the usefulness of CGH in 65 patients having childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Subsequently, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to evaluate the CGH and cytogenetic results. Comparative genomic(More)
Nijmegen breakage syndrome is an autosomal recessive chromosomal instability syndrome characterized by microcephaly, immunodeficiency, radiosensitivity, and predisposition to lymphoid malignancy. A truncating deletion [657del(5)] in exon 6 of the nibrin NBS1 gene is the most frequent cause of the syndrome. Slavic populations carry this mutation in a high(More)
BACKGROUND Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) represents a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. The European Group for the Immunological Classification of Leukemias (EGIL) scoring system unambiguously defines MPAL expressing aberrant lineage markers. Discussions surrounding it have focused on scoring details, and information is limited regarding its(More)
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare congenital pure red cell hypoplasia characterized by a selective defect of erythropoiesis with a normochromic macrocytic anemia and reticulocytopenia often accompanied by various congenital anomalies. The critical region responsible for the pathogenesis of DBA has been mapped in some patients to chromosome 19q13.2 (P(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the predictive value of MTT in vitro assay for evaluation of tumour cell resistance/sensitivity to cytotoxic drugs. We analyzed 105 samples of malignant cells of different origin. The study included patients with a diagnosis of acute and chronic lymphatic leukaemia, acute and chronic myeloid leukaemia, non-Hodgkin(More)
Three cases of pediatric primary parapharyngeal space tumors, namely a Burkitt's lymphoma, lipoblastoma and a ganglioneuroma are described here, along with a literature review. These disorders are very rare, accounting for less than 20% of all parapharyngeal neoplasms. In comparison to adults, there are differences in pathomorphologic spectrum of pediatric(More)
This case report describes a dog with spontaneous melanoma of the orofacial region which was treated by a synthetic inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, i.e. olomoucine (OC). The drug was applied i.v. in a single dose of 8 mg/kg/day for 7 days in succession. Repeated bioptic examinations of metastatic cervical lymph nodes showed rapid induction of(More)
Although cellular experiments have elucidated a number of active principles in the study of the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomena, most of the drug resistant tumor cells were derived from different parental cell lines. This fact limits generalization of some experimental data and conclusions, and therefore we selected and characterized cell lines(More)