Vladimír Lukes

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ion from the –CH2– groups in a-position to a C@C double bond (C7–H in D-sterols, C23–H in the two avenasterols and D-fucosterol, C6–H in D-sterols, or C23–H in D-gramisterol, D-episterol and D-citrostadienol). In the case of 2-propene, the experimentally determined BDE for CH2@CH–CH2–H bond (370 ± 2) kJ mol 1 was practically identical with the C6H5CH2–H BDE(More)
The reaction enthalpies related to the individual steps of two phenolic antioxidants action mechanisms, single electron transfer-proton transfer (SET-PT) and sequential proton loss electron transfer (SPLET), for 30 meta and para-substituted phenols (ArOH) were calculated using DFT/B3LYP method. These mechanisms represent the alternative ways to the(More)
Energy relaxation between two electronic states of a molecule is mediated by a set of relevant vibrational states. We describe this fundamental process in a fully quantum mechanical framework based on first principles. This approach explains population transfer rates as well as describes the entire transient absorption signal as vibronic transitions between(More)
The interaction of exciton and charge transfer (CT) states plays a central role in photo-induced CT processes in chemistry, biology, and physics. In this work, we use a combination of two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy (2D-ES), pump-probe measurements, and quantum chemistry to investigate the ultrafast CT dynamics in a lutetium bisphthalocyanine dimer(More)
We investigate the nature of the S* excited state in carotenoids by performing a series of pump-probe experiments with sub-20 fs time resolution on spirilloxanthin in a polymethyl-methacrylate matrix varying the sample temperature. Following photoexcitation, we observe sub-200 fs internal conversion of the bright S2 state into the lower-lying S1 and S*(More)
In this work, we examine vibrational coherence in a molecular monomer, where time evolution of a nuclear wavepacket gives rise to oscillating diagonal- and off-diagonal peaks in two-dimensional electronic spectra. We find that the peaks oscillate out-of-phase, resulting in a cancellation in the corresponding pump-probe spectra. Our results confirm the(More)
The redox behavior of N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(4-aminophenyl)benzidine (A) and its N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-substituted analogue (B) was studied in detail by a new designed in situ thin layer electron spin resonance (ESR)/UV-vis-NIR spectroelectrohemical cell. The spectroelectrochemical studies of cation radicals, dications, and tetracations indicate a(More)
The influence of the molecular structure on the stabilization of charged states was studied in detail by in situ ESR UV-vis NIR spectroelectrochemistry at a novel α,ω-dicyano substituted β,β'-dibutylquaterthiophene (DCNDBQT) and the electrochemically generated cation and anion radicals have been proved for the first time. The voltammetry of DCNDBQT results(More)
We study the information content of two-dimensional (2D) electronic photon-echo (PE) spectra, with special emphasis on their potential to distinguish, for waiting times T=0, between different conformations of electronically coupled symmetric dimers. The analysis is performed on the basis of an analytical formula for the frequency-domain 2D PE signal. The(More)