Vladimír Klimeš

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Algae with secondary plastids of a red algal origin, such as ochrophytes (photosynthetic stramenopiles), are diverse and ecologically important, yet their evolutionary history remains controversial. We sequenced plastid genomes of two ochrophytes, Ochromonas sp. CCMP1393 (Chrysophyceae) and Trachydiscus minutus (Eustigmatophyceae). A shared split of the(More)
The large phylogenetic distance separating eukaryotic genes and their archaeal orthologs has prevented identification of the position of the eukaryotic root in phylogenomic studies. Recently, an innovative approach has been proposed to circumvent this issue: the use as phylogenetic markers of proteins that have been transferred from bacterial donor sources(More)
Rho GTPases constitute a significant subgroup of the eukaryotic Ras superfamily of small GTPases implicated in the regulation of diverse cellular processes, such as the dynamics of the actin cytoskeleton, establishment, and maintenance of cell polarity and membrane trafficking. Whereas a few eukaryotes lack Rho genes, a majority of species typically bear(More)
The cilium (flagellum) is a complex cellular structure inherited from the last eukaryotic common ancestor (LECA). A large number of ciliary proteins have been characterized in a few model organisms, but their evolutionary history often remains unexplored. One such protein is the small GTPase RABL2, recently implicated in the assembly of the sperm tail in(More)
Termination codons in mRNA molecules are typically specified directly by the sequence of the corresponding gene. However, in mitochondria of a few eukaryotic groups, some mRNAs contain the termination codon UAA deriving one or both adenosines from transcript polyadenylation. Here, we show that a similar phenomenon occurs for a substantial number of nuclear(More)
Departures from the standard genetic code in eukaryotic nuclear genomes are known for only a handful of lineages and only a few genetic code variants seem to exist outside the ciliates, the most creative group in this regard. Most frequent code modifications entail reassignment of the UAG and UAA codons, with evidence for at least 13 independent cases of a(More)
Synthetic Gn-RH-Dirigestran Spofa was used for the treatment of 121 cows with functional ovarial disorders. Out of this total number, 41 cows showed no postpartal and no post-service symptoms of oestrus, 59 returned to oestrus with irregular cycles, and 21 cows showed an irregular course of oestrus. The treatment was made in herds with a low conception rate(More)
The authors describe their experience with laparoscopic operations of the colon. The first operation was made on February 1, 1993 and by the end of 1998 the authors implemented 115 of these operations on account of benign and malignant diseases. On the results of their work they provide evidence that laparoscopic operations of the colon meet all demands of(More)
The place of minimally invasive surgery in the treatment of inguinal hernias is still unequivocal so far. The authors submit the results assembled in 400 patients operated by the method of transabdominal preperitoneal implantation of a prolene net (TAPP) in the course of five years. They pay special attention to the incidence of relapses, peroperative and(More)