Vladimír Garaj

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Ellman's assay is the most commonly used method to measure cholinesterase activity. It is cheap, fast, and reliable, but it has limitations when used for biological samples. The problems arise from 5,5-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB), which is unstable, interacts with free sulfhydryl groups in the sample, and may affect cholinesterase activity. We(More)
Development of postoperative hyperalgesia depends on N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation. Local anesthetics protect against those hyperalgesic pain states and inhibit NMDA receptor activation. To outline what structural features of local anesthetics are responsible for NMDA receptor inhibition we evaluated a series of experimental lidocaine(More)
Sulfonamides incorporating 1,3,5-triazine moieties can selectively and potently inhibit carbonic anhydrase transmembrane isoforms IX, XII, and XIV over cytosolic isoforms I and II. In the present work, a highly effective synthetic procedure was proposed for this group of potent cancerostatic drugs and compared with previously used methods. The synthesis of(More)
Substitution of chlorine in 5-chloro-N-phenylpyrazine-2-carboxamide (1) with simple n-alkylamines yielded a series of 5-alkylamino-N-phenylpyrazine-2-carboxamides (propylamino to octylamino derivatives), which possessed similar or increased activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv compared to parent 5-chloro derivative (1), with MIC ranging from(More)
This work presents synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of nineteen 6-alkylamino-N-phenylpyrazine-2-carboxamides. Antimycobacterial activity was determined against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, M. kansasii and two strains of M. avium. Generally, the antimycobacterial activity increased with prolongation of simple alkyl chain and culminated in(More)
The anion induced tautomerism of isatin-3-4-phenyl(semicarbazone) derivatives is studied herein. The interaction of F(-), AcO(-), H2PO4(-), Br(-) or HSO4(-) anions with E and Z isomers of isatin-3-4-phenyl(semicarbazone) and N-methylisatin-3-4-phenyl(semicarbazone) as sensors influences the tautomeric equilibrium of these sensors in the liquid phase. This(More)
The water sensing properties of two efficient two-component fluorescent "turn-on" chemo-sensors based on the 7-dialkylaminocoumarin oxime acid-base equilibrium were investigated. Interestingly, although simple frontier orbital analysis predicts an intramolecular photoinduced electron transfer quenching pathway in conjugated oximates, TD-DFT (Time-dependent(More)