Vladimír Dvořák

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Mirabegron is a potent and selective β3-adrenoceptor agonist that may represent an alternative treatment option in place of antimuscarinics for patients with overactive bladder. Patients completed a single-blinded, 2-week placebo run-in period followed by 12 weeks of randomized (n = 928) double-blinded treatment with mirabegron oral controlled absorption(More)
The mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) can elicit a wide range of toxic properties including embryotoxicity and teratogenicity. OTA crosses the placenta at early gestation rather than in late gestation, maternal OTA exposure may represent a risk for the developing fetus. The study focuses on the assessment of OTA intake of pregnant women (aged 19-40 years) in the(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most naturally occurring fungal toxins in food. It has been detected in high concentrations in serum samples of nephropathic patients and can be applied as one of the markers of potential risk of this disease. Also, OTA can cause adverse effects on human health such as genotoxicity and is anticipated to be a potential human(More)
Host-defense mechanisms were studied in seven patients with active hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Granulocyte phagocytic function was measured by ingestion of Staphylococcus aureus labeled with radioactive carbon 14 and intracellular killing was determined by bactericidal pour plate method. Chemotaxis was measured by radioactive counting of sodium chromate(More)
BACKGROUND Seventy-one cases of scar-related and spontaneous endometriosis of the skin and superficial soft tissue were studied, with a focus on atypical features and types of müllerian differentiation. All patients were women, whose ages ranged from 22 to 65 years (median, 32 years). METHODS Histological, immunohistochemical, and electronmicroscopic(More)
To determine the pure effects of prolonged alcohol ingestion on host defenses, we studied six noncirrhotic alcoholic volunteers drinking in the Clinical Research Center. All had tests of granulocyte, humoral, and cell-mediated immune function before and at the end of eight to 28 days' intake of approximately 0.75 liter of 100-proof whiskey per day. Results(More)
Importance Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections cause anogenital cancers and warts. The 9-valent HPV vaccine provides protection against 7 high-risk types of HPV responsible for 90% of cervical cancers and 2 other HPV types accounting for 90% of genital warts. Objective To determine whether HPV type-specific antibody responses would be noninferior among(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of hexaminolevulinate (HAL) photodynamic therapy (PDT), a novel therapy for women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)1/2, to define the appropriate population and endpoints for a phase 3 program. STUDY DESIGN This was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled,(More)
BACKGROUNDS All three cancer screening programmes recommended by the Council of the EU are available to defined target age groups in the Czech Republic. Organized programmes for screening of breast, colorectal and cervical cancer have been initiated in the last decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS A system for information support, as an essential component of(More)