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Functional L1 elements are autonomous retrotransposons that can insert into human genes and cause disease. To date, 10 of 12 known L1 retrotranspositions into human genes have been found to be 5"-truncated and incapable of further retrotransposition. Here we report the nucleotide sequences of the two full-length L1 elements, L1beta-thal and L1RP, that have(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase two (Cdk2) is the major regulator of the G1/S transition and the target of an activated G1 checkpoint in somatic cells. In the presence of DNA damage, Cdk2 kinase activity is abrogated by a deficiency of Cdc25A phosphatase, which is marked by Chk1/Chk2 for proteasomal degradation. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) lack a G1 checkpoint(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) regulates the transcription of genes whose products play critical roles in energy metabolism, erythropoiesis, angiogenesis, and cell survival. Limited information is available concerning its function in mammalian hematopoiesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that homozygosity for a targeted null mutation in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Imatinib mesylate (IM) is the choice treatment for Bcr/Abl-positive malignancies. Emergence of resistance to IM warrants the exploration of novel well-tolerated anticancer agents. We intended to evaluate the effect of PS-341 on proliferation, survival, and cellular events in Bcr/Abl-positive cells sensitive and resistant to IM, and(More)
The major mechanism of action of STI571 is a competitive interference with the ATP-binding site of the Bcr/Abl tyrosine kinase. In the BCR/ABL-positive cell line KBM5, we studied cellular events associated with the in vitro acquisition of resistance to STI571. The emergence of the STI571-resistant phenotype was accompanied by only a marginal increase in the(More)
Hematologic toxicity is reported as one of the most important problems connected with imatinib mesylate (IM) treatment in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Withholding the drug or application of growth factors is recommended in this situation. This study introduced a novel approach using intermittent dosage of IM in order to avoid prolonged(More)
Divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) is a transmembrane protein crucial for duodenal iron absorption and erythroid iron transport. DMT1 function has been elucidated largely in studies of the mk mouse and the Belgrade rat, which have an identical single nucleotide mutation of this gene that affects protein processing, stability, and function. These animals(More)
Mutations causing truncations of the cytoplasmic domain of the human erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) result in a dominantly inherited disorder-primary familial congenital polycythemia. This disorder is characterized by increased numbers of erythrocytes (polycythemia) and by in vitro hypersensitivity of erythroid precursors to erythropoietin. The consequences(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) proliferate rapidly and have a unique cell-cycle structure with a very short G1 phase. Previous reports suggested that the rapid G1 phase progression of ESCs might be underpinned by high and precocious Cdk2 activity and that Cdk2 activity might be crucial for both cell-cycle regulation and cell-fate decisions in human ESCs.(More)
We have analyzed the hemoglobin abnormalities in nearly 50 Albanian patients with a significant hemoglobinopathy and included 37 relatives in this study. Sickle cell anemia (SS) is a common disorder; all 15 sickle cell anemia patients had the complications expected for this disease. The βs haplotype was type 19 (Benin); α-thalassemia-2 was rare. Three(More)