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INTRODUCTION Evidence-based recommendations are needed to guide the acute management of the bleeding trauma patient. When these recommendations are implemented patient outcomes may be improved. METHODS The multidisciplinary Task Force for Advanced Bleeding Care in Trauma was formed in 2005 with the aim of developing a guideline for the management of(More)
BACKGROUND Severe trauma continues to represent a global public health issue and mortality and morbidity in trauma patients remains substantial. A number of initiatives have aimed to provide guidance on the management of trauma patients. This document focuses on the management of major bleeding and coagulopathy following trauma and encourages adaptation of(More)
According to the World Health Organization, traumatic injuries worldwide are responsible for over 5 million deaths annually. Post-traumatic bleeding caused by traumatic injury-associated coagulopathy is the leading cause of potentially preventable death among trauma patients. Despite these facts, awareness of this problem is insufficient and treatment(More)
The microcirculation plays a crucial role in the interaction between blood and tissues both in physiological and pathophysiological states. Despite its critical role in numerous diseases including diabetes, hypertension, sepsis or multiple organ failure, methods for direct visualization and quantitative assessment of human microcirculation at the bedside(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperosmolar solutions have been used in neurosurgery to modify brain bulk and prevent neurological deterioration. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of equivolume, equiosmolar solutions of mannitol and hypertonic saline (HTS) on brain relaxation and postoperative complications in patients undergoing elective intracranial tumor(More)
INTRODUCTION Evidence-based recommendations can be made with respect to many aspects of the acute management of the bleeding trauma patient, which when implemented may lead to improved patient outcomes. METHODS The multidisciplinary Task Force for Advanced Bleeding Care in Trauma was formed in 2005 with the aim of developing guidelines for the management(More)
INTRODUCTION Evidence-based recommendations are needed to guide the acute management of the bleeding trauma patient, which when implemented may improve patient outcomes. METHODS The multidisciplinary Task Force for Advanced Bleeding Care in Trauma was formed in 2005 with the aim of developing a guideline for the management of bleeding following severe(More)
The incidence of hemostatic abnormalities in the early hours after traumatic incident is high and represents an independent predictor of mortality. Key factors in the development of traumatic coagulopathy include the severity of injury, hypothermia, acidosis, hemorrhagic shock, hemodilution, clotting factor consumption, and fibrinolysis. Assessment of(More)
The steroid hormone estradiol is suggested to play a protective role in intestinal injury during systemic inflammation (sepsis). Our aim was to determine the effects of specific estradiol receptor (ER-α and ER-ß) agonists on the intestinal microcirculation during experimental sepsis. Male and sham ovariectomized female rats were subjected to sham colon(More)
INTRODUCTION In clinical setting, Sidestream Dark Field (SDF) imaging has provided unprecedented insights into the gut microcirculation mainly by studying the intestinal mucosa of patients with ileostomies. Visualizing microvascular structure and function of ileal mucosa at the bedside brings unique opportunity for clinical research, particularly in(More)