Vladimír Buchta

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Unsubstituted, halogenated and/or alkylated pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid amides connected via -CONH- bridge with substituted anilines were synthesized using currently known synthetic pathways. The synthetic approach, analytical, spectroscopic, lipophilicity and biological data of 20 newly synthesized compounds are presented. Structure-activity relationships(More)
From 1952 to 2005, 13 cases of cryptococcosis confirmed by postmortem examination were diagnosed in autopsy material from the University Hospital in Hradec Králové, the Czech Republic. Histologically, Cryptococcus was found in multiple organs (brain and spinal cord, lungs, lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, liver, kidneys and adrenal glands). The lungs and(More)
Pichia fabianii, a yeast rarely causing human infections, was isolated from the blood of a patient with aortic valve endocarditis. The isolates were initially identified biochemically as Candida pelliculosa, but based on direct sequencing of the ITS2 region of rRNA, they were subsequently reidentified as P. fabianii. Antifungal therapy with fluconazole and(More)
The series of quinoline derivatives were prepared. The synthetic approach, analytical, and spectroscopic data of all synthesized compounds are presented. All the prepared derivatives were analyzed using the reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method for the lipophilicity measurement. In the present study, the correlation between(More)
Candida albicans is generally one of the most commonly isolated fungal pathogen from human body. It is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections, bloodstream infections, urinary infections and mucosal infections of oral cavity and vagina C. albicans can grow as hyphae, pseudohyphae, or budding yeast. Morphological conversion of a yeast form to pseudohyphal(More)
The influence of subinhibitory concentrations of six established and 19 newly synthesized antifungal compounds on the dimorphic transition of threeC. albicans strains was evaluated in the filamentation-inducing medium. Amphotericin B was found to produce almost complete inhibition in the germination at a concentration of 1/10 of the corresponding MIC and(More)
The current increase in the number and significance of fungal infections, the expanding armamentarium of antifungal agents, and the emergence of the problem of antifungal drug resistance have been intensifying the importance of antifungal susceptibility testing (AST). The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI, formerly NCCLS) in the United(More)
Patient J.S., 26-year-old man, was first seen by his general practitioner because of chest pain, dyspnoea, weakness, vomiting, headache, dizzines and recent fever on January 29th 2010. Blood samples were taken and revealed leukocytosis 149 × 109/L. His previous medical history was unremarkable. He was immediately referred to our University Hospital with(More)
The real cause of recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis (RVVC) is concealed and the etiopathogenesis of this disease remains to be determined. In a cohort study, concentrations of metals in 44 patients with RVVC and 30 healthy age-matched women were measured and compared. The concentrations of serum calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and iron (Fe) were measured(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to characterize the patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. STUDY DESIGN Basic data of personal history and history of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis, lower genital tract symptoms and signs in 50 patients were analyzed in this longitudinal follow-up study including the determination of midluteal serum(More)