Vladimír Baran

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Aurora kinase A (AURKA), which is a centrosome-localized serine/threonine kinase crucial for cell cycle control, is critically involved in centrosome maturation and spindle assembly in somatic cells. Active T288 phosphorylated AURKA localizes to the centrosome in the late G(2) and also spreads to the minus ends of mitotic spindle microtubules. AURKA(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been shown to promote mammalian early embryo development. Increased cell division or decreased cell death have been proposed as two main possible mechanisms in its effect. Here we examine the nature of this promoting effect in a model situation. Camptothecin (0.01 microg/ml) and actimomycin D (0.005 microg/ml) were(More)
CDK1 is a pivotal regulator of resumption of meiosis and meiotic maturation of oocytes. CDC25A/B/C are dual-specificity phosphatases and activate cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Although CDC25C is not essential for either mitotic or meiotic cell cycle regulation, CDC25B is essential for CDK1 activation during resumption of meiosis. Cdc25a -/- mice are(More)
The aim of this study was to describe the dynamic changes in the localization of the key nucleolar protein markers, fibrillarin, B23/nucleophosmin, C23/nucleolin, protein Nopp140, during the final stages of bovine oocyte growth. All these proteins were present in the large reticulated nucleoli of oocytes from the small-size category follicles (<1 mm). The(More)
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) orchestrates multiple events of cell division. Although PLK1 function has been intensively studied in centriole-containing and rapidly cycling somatic cells, much less is known about its function in the meiotic divisions of mammalian oocytes, which arrest for a long period of time in prophase before meiotic resumption and lack(More)
The occurrence of apoptosis in mouse preimplantation embryos was analyzed using DNA staining (Hoechst 33342, PI) for the visualization of nuclear changes and by the comet assay, a single-cell gel electrophoresis assay, modified for the analysis of blastocysts. Mouse preimplantation embryos isolated 56 h after superovulation were cultured in vitro for 64 h.(More)
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), a member of the serine/threonine protein kinases family, is involved in multiple steps of mitotic progression. It regulates centrosome maturation, mitotic spindle formation, and cytokinesis. While studied extensively in somatic cells, little is known about PLK1 activities in the mammalian preimplantation embryo. We examined the(More)
The localization of fibrillarin and nucleolin in the nuclei of mouse two-cell, four-cell, and eight-cell embryos has been studied using immunofluorescent staining with specific antibodies. In all of these cleavage stages, both antigens were associated exclusively with the peripheral region of the nucleolus precursor bodies (NPBs). The original speckled(More)
Aurora kinase A (AURKA) is an important mitotic kinase involved in the G2/M transition, centrosome maturation and separation, and spindle formation in somatic cells. We used transgenic models that specifically overexpress in mouse oocytes either wild-type (WT-AURKA) or a catalytically inactive (kinase-dead) (KD-AURKA) AURKA to gain new insights regarding(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION In fully grown mouse oocytes, a decrease in cAMP concentration precedes and is linked to CDK1 (cyclin-dependent kinase 1) activation. The molecular mechanism for this coupling, however, is not defined. PKB (protein kinase B, also called AKT) is implicated in CDK1 activation in lower species. During resumption of meiosis in starfish(More)