Vladimír Štrbák

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Aim of the present study was to evaluate effects of ligands of oxytocin receptors on gene expression of neurofilament proteins (nestin and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2)) associated with neuronal differentiation and growth factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF)) related to neuronal growth. Fluorescent(More)
Neuropeptide oxytocin acts as a growth and differentiation factor; however, its effects on neurite growth are poorly understood. The aims of the present study were (1) to evaluate time effects of oxytocin on expression of nestin and MAP2; (2) to measure the effect of oxytocin on gene expression of β-actin, vimentin, cofilin, and drebrin; and (3) to measure(More)
Oxytocin, released in response to different physiological stimuli, could play a key role in reducing stress reaction. It was suggested that it has protective effect against inflammation and consequences of oxidative stress. Mechanisms how oxytocin effects mediated in the brain tissue are unclear. In this study, oxytocin effect on cell growth and neuronal(More)
Plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone were detectable in fetal plasma on day 16 of pregnancy. Thereafter, the levels of both hormones increased steadily in a parallel manner and reached a peak on day 19 of pregnancy. Administration of an antiserum anti-rat corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) to pregnant rats was followed by a(More)
There is considerable evidence linking alcohol consumption and sedation and TRH in the brain septum. Moreover, innate septal TRH concentration is inversely related to the degree of ethanol preference. Recently we demonstrated in rats that four-week ethanol drinking increased the septal TRH content by 50 %. We had shown previously that ethanol induces(More)
Brain oxytocin regulates a variety of social and affiliative behaviors and affects also learning and memory. However, mechanisms of its action at the level of neuronal circuits are not fully understood. The present study tests the hypothesis that molecular factors required for memory formation and synaptic plasticity, including brain-derived neurotrophic(More)
The aims of this study were to test if ethanol induces thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) secretion in vitro from the posterior pituitary and hypothalamic explants by a mechanism involving cell swelling, and to characterize the pathway of stimulated secretion. Ethanol, at a concentration of 80 mM, stimulated the release of TRH from the posterior pituitary,(More)
The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, representing cell bodies in which thyrotropin-releasing hormone is synthesized, and the median eminence, representing nerve terminals, were incubated in vitro. Various hypo- and hyperosmotic solutions were tested to determine osmotic sensitivity of thyrotropin-releasing hormone secretion. High KCl (56 mM) causing(More)
The phytostilbene resveratrol (RV) improves the metabolic state in animal models by increasing the insulin responsiveness of tissues and there is evidence that RV affects insulin secretion from native beta-cells and insulinoma cells. In whole cell patch clamp experiments on clonal rat INS-1E cells we used high extracellular glucose (20 mM), extracellular(More)