Vladimír Štrbák

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Plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone were detectable in fetal plasma on day 16 of pregnancy. Thereafter, the levels of both hormones increased steadily in a parallel manner and reached a peak on day 19 of pregnancy. Administration of an antiserum anti-rat corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) to pregnant rats was followed by a(More)
Previous studies have indicated that isosmolar, but not hyperosmolar, ethanol induces in vitro gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion from the basal hypothalamus, presumably by causing cell swelling. Moreover, ethanol reduces secretion of another hypothalamic neuropeptide vasopressin. We have studied the acute effect of ethanol on specific(More)
Exocytosis of intravesicular material should help a cell meet a relative extracellular hyposmotic challenge by expanding the plasmalemma through fusion with vesicular membrane. Cell swelling evokes an immediate secretory burst of hormones stored in secretory vesicles with dynamics indistinguishable from those induced by specific secretagogues. Hormone(More)
There is considerable evidence linking alcohol consumption and sedation and TRH in the brain septum. Moreover, innate septal TRH concentration is inversely related to the degree of ethanol preference. Recently we demonstrated in rats that four-week ethanol drinking increased the septal TRH content by 50 %. We had shown previously that ethanol induces(More)
Ethanol exerts profound effects on the endocrine and exocrine pancreas. Some effects of chronic alcohol consumption on insulin secretion in response to glucose load are similar to those of TRH gene disruption. TRH is present in insulin-producing B-cells of the islets of Langerhans; its role in this location is still not fully explored. To examine the(More)
Objective of this study was to characterize osmotically-induced insulin secretion in two tumor cell lines. We compared response of freshly isolated rat pancreatic islets and INS-1 and INS-1E tumor cell lines to high glucose, 30 % hypotonic medium and 20 % hypertonic medium. In Ca(2+)-containing medium glucose induced insulin release in all three cell types.(More)
BACKGROUND The objective was to compare signal transduction pathways exploited by glucose and cell swelling in stimulating insulin secretion. METHODS Isolated rat (Wistar) pancreatic islets were stimulated in vitro by 20 mmol/l glucose or 30% hypotonic medium (202 mOsm/kg) in various experimental conditions. RESULTS Glucose did not stimulate insulin(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), plasma leptin, glucose, insulin and C-peptide levels in the offspring of diabetic mothers (DM) and non-diabetic healthy mothers (HM). DESIGN Seventy-two offspring (37 girls and 35 boys, age 4-20 years) of DM were investigated in a prospective study. Those 14-16 years old(More)
The rapid changes in TRH levels in the rat pancreas during the neonatal period make this organ an interesting model for the study of the regulation of TRH biosynthesis. Pancreatic RNAs were isolated by the guanidinium thiocyanate method and layered onto CsCl cushion. Northern blot preparations were hybridized with 32P labeled TRH cDNA probe. Pancreatic TRH(More)
OBJECTIVE Pancreatic TRH is present in insulin-producing B-cells of the islets of Langerhans. There is fragmentary evidence that it may be involved in glucoregulation. The aim of our present study was to analyze how glucose and insulin affect TRH secretion by the pancreatic islets. DESIGN Isolated pancreatic islets were incubated with different(More)