Vlad Artenie

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New enzymes of nicotine catabolism instrumental in the detoxification of the tobacco alkaloid by Arthrobacter nicotinovorans pAO1 have been identified and characterized. Nicotine breakdown leads to the formation of nicotine blue from the hydroxylated pyridine ring and of gamma-N-methylaminobutyrate (CH(3)-4-aminobutyrate) from the pyrrolidine ring of the(More)
Male Wistar rats were subjected to right-unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) (2 μg/μl) lesions of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) or the substantia nigra (SN), or were sham-operated, and their ability to acquire the operant task was studied by means of Y-maze and shuttle-box tasks. Lesions of both the VTA and the SN resulted in an impairment of(More)
Sialate pyruvate-lyases, also known as sialate aldolases (EC 4.1.3.3), reversibly catalyse the cleavage of free N-acetylneuraminic acids to form pyruvate and N-acetylmannosamine. These enzymes are widely distributed and are present in numerous pro- and eukaryotic cells, in which they are localized only in the cytosol. They play an important role in the(More)
An NAD(P)H-nicotine blue (quinone) oxidoreductase was discovered as a member of the nicotine catabolic pathway of Arthrobacter nicotinovorans. Transcriptional analysis and electromobility shift assays showed that the enzyme gene was expressed in a nicotine-dependent manner under the control of the transcriptional activator PmfR and thus was part of the(More)
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, including Romania, where its incidence has increased significantly during the last decade. Ovarian cancer is the fourth leading cause of mortality by cancer in women. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are major cancer predisposition genes, responsible for a large percentage of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer(More)
Although the ability of Bifidobacterium spp. to grow on fructose as a unique carbon source has been demonstrated, the enzyme(s) needed to incorporate fructose into a catabolic pathway has hitherto not been defined. This work demonstrates that intracellular fructose is metabolized via the fructose-6-P phosphoketolase pathway and suggests that a fructokinase(More)
The high density of the steroid hormone receptors in the structures of temporal lobe involved in learning and memory, such as the hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, entorhinal cortex and amigdaloid complex, shows that there must be a direct relationship between gonadal hormones and organizational effects of steroid hormones in those structures during(More)
This article reports on the reaction of urease immobilization through its covalent bonding on carboxymethylcellulose. The reaction is activated by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. The coupling reaction is influenced by the enzyme-support and activator-support ratios, as well as by duration. Starting from a rotating, composed experimental program of the second(More)
Due to its high abundance, the D-xylose fraction of lignocellulose provides a promising resource for production of various chemicals. Examples of efficient utilization of d-xylose are nevertheless rare, mainly due to the lack of enzymes with suitable properties for biotechnological applications. The genus Arthrobacter, which occupies an ecological niche(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced within the body during oxygen metabolism and living organisms have developed several defense mechanisms to protect themselves from oxidative stress. Under normal conditions, ROS and antioxidant systems are in balance. Oxidative stress is caused by the imbalance between production of pro-oxidants and the antioxidant(More)