Vl. A. Brykov

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Genetic differentiation of Dolly Varden char Salvelinus malma Walbaum from the Asian and North American Pacific coasts was studied. We examined restriction fragment length polymorphism of three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) fragments amplified in polymerase chain reaction, which encoded four NADH dehydrogenase subunits, the cytochrome b gene, and a D-loop(More)
Genetic differentiation of the Dolly Varden char Salvelinus malmaWalbaum was studied in five populations from the western part of the Northern Pacific. Using restriction analysis (RFLP), we examined polymorphism of three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) fragments amplified in polymerase chain reaction (PCR). MtDNA haplotypes were shown to fall into two(More)
The congruence between molecular markers, identifying the presence of the Y chromosome, and secondary sexual characters was examined in Asian populations of five Pacific salmon species: pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), chum salmon (O. keta), sockeye salmon (O. nerka), chinook salmon (O. tschawytscha), and sima (O. masou). It was demonstrated that in(More)
Long-term changes in the sex ratio have been studied in pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and chum salmon (O. keta) populations of Kamchatka and Sakhalin. It has been demonstrated that these changes are an adaptation to population dynamics: an increase in the population size is accompanied by a shift towards a higher proportion of males; a decrease in(More)
Spawning in habitats affected by Pleistocene glacial advances over most of its natural range, northern Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma malma typifies Arctic fauna distributed in northeastern Asia and northwestern North America. We reconstructed a genealogy of mtDNA haplotypes from 27 Alaskan and Asian populations to study the influence of historical events on(More)
The results of examining mtDNA variability in populations of chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta from the rivers of the basins of the seas of Japan and Okhotsk and in the chum salmon seasonal races of the Amur River are presented. A significant level of polymorphism between the majority of the populations studied was detected. The groups of chum salmon from the(More)
The growth-hormone gene is presented as à single copy in the genome of most vertebrates. In contrast, in salmonids, one of the genome duplication events resulted in the multiplication of many genes, including the growth hormone. In salmonids, the growth-hormone gene exists as two independently inherited functional paralogues, gh1 and gh2. In this study, we(More)
Sequences of the two large introns (C and D) from two paralogous growth hormone genes, GH1 and GH2, were compared in eight charr species of the Salvelinus genus (Osteichthes, Salmonidae). It was demonstrated that the rates of intron divergence in these two genes were remarkably different. Introns in the GH1 gene appeared to be more conservative, while the(More)
Chum salmon populations in the Russian Far East have a complex multi-level genetic structure. A total of 53 samples (2446 fish) were grouped into five major regional clusters: the southern Kurils, eastern Sakhalin, southwestern Sakhalin, the Amur River, and a northern cluster. The northern cluster consists of chum salmon populations from a vast geographical(More)
To solve some systematic questions as well as to study genetic variability and evolutionary relationships in two groups of fish belonging to the Mugilid (Mugilidae) and Cyprinid (Cyprinidae) families, we have used restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) fragments amplified in polymerase chain reaction. The analysis of(More)