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Plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn may underlie the development of chronic pain following peripheral nerve injury or inflammation. In this study, we examined whether chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve was associated with changes in the immunoreactive content of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB), protein kinase A (PKA), and(More)
The goal of the present study was to examine whether loose ligation of the sciatic nerve was associated with long-term changes in neuronal excitability in the spinal dorsal horn in urethane-anesthetized rats. The sciatic nerve was stimulated with 0. 1 ms long pulses at 1 stimulus/5 min, and the evoked dorsal horn field potentials remained stable in the(More)
We examined whether early injury-associated activation of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) in the spinal dorsal horn was mediated by the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) pathway. Significant increases in the levels of phosphorylated CREB (pCREB), phosphorylated PKAIIalpha regulatory subunit (pPKA), and PKAalpha catalytic subunit(More)
Changes in the expression of many genes underlie injury-elicited plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn. Homer1 is a recently identified gene that appears to play a critical role in the expression of synaptic plasticity in several brain regions, including the hippocampus. In this study we investigated the early consequences of chronic constriction injury of(More)
The inhibitory activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is considered critical in setting the conditions for synaptic plasticity, and many studies support an important role of GABA in the suppression of nociceptive transmission in the dorsal horn. Consequently, any injury-induced modification of the GABA action has the potential to critically modify(More)
The fluorescent tracers fluoro-gold and 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3,3-tetramethyl indocarbocyanine perchlorate were used as retrograde markers to examine reciprocal connections between the rat nucleus submedius and the ventrolateral orbital cortex. In addition, midbrain projections to each of these regions were examined. In the prefrontal cortex, we found that(More)
STUDY DESIGN Laboratory investigation of pain behavior following spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE To explore changes in the spinal cord expression of nociceptive genes following spinal cord injury (SCI) as they relate to the manifestation of pain behavior in rats. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Neuropathic pain following SCI is common, disabling, and largely(More)
Animals exhibiting thermal hyperalgesia as a sign of neuropathic pain 7 days after loose ligation of the sciatic nerve exhibited a significant increase in the concentration of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in their lumbar spinal dorsal horn. In contrast, following the disappearance of thermal hyperalgesia 28 days after loose ligation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn is thought to underlie, at least in part, pain behavior after peripheral nerve injury. Homer1 proteins play an important role in synaptic plasticity through an activity-dependent remodeling of the postsynaptic density (PSD). In this study, we examined the early consequences of the loose ligation of the sciatic(More)
Activity-dependent plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn may underlie the development of neuropathic pain following peripheral nerve injury. In this study we examined whether the expression and loss of behavioral signs of neuropathic pain were associated with changes in the content of the scaffolding proteins Homer and Shank in the post-synaptic density(More)