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Plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn may underlie the development of chronic pain following peripheral nerve injury or inflammation. In this study, we examined whether chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve was associated with changes in the immunoreactive content of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB), protein kinase A (PKA), and(More)
We examined whether early injury-associated activation of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) in the spinal dorsal horn was mediated by the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) pathway. Significant increases in the levels of phosphorylated CREB (pCREB), phosphorylated PKAIIalpha regulatory subunit (pPKA), and PKAalpha catalytic subunit(More)
Changes in the expression of many genes underlie injury-elicited plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn. Homer1 is a recently identified gene that appears to play a critical role in the expression of synaptic plasticity in several brain regions, including the hippocampus. In this study we investigated the early consequences of chronic constriction injury of(More)
Frog dorsal horn neurons and their responses to serotonin (5-HT) were studied in intracellular recordings from isolated hemisected spinal cords. Electrophysiological properties were comparable to those of mammals. Bath application of 5-HT (10-50 microM) increased the excitability and caused membrane depolarizations in 7/14 cells, reduced or abolished(More)
The inhibitory activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is considered critical in setting the conditions for synaptic plasticity, and many studies support an important role of GABA in the suppression of nociceptive transmission in the dorsal horn. Consequently, any injury-induced modification of the GABA action has the potential to critically modify(More)
The goal of the present study was to examine whether loose ligation of the sciatic nerve was associated with long-term changes in neuronal excitability in the spinal dorsal horn in urethane-anesthetized rats. The sciatic nerve was stimulated with 0. 1 ms long pulses at 1 stimulus/5 min, and the evoked dorsal horn field potentials remained stable in the(More)
The fluorescent tracers fluoro-gold and 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3,3-tetramethyl indocarbocyanine perchlorate were used as retrograde markers to examine reciprocal connections between the rat nucleus submedius and the ventrolateral orbital cortex. In addition, midbrain projections to each of these regions were examined. In the prefrontal cortex, we found that(More)
STUDY DESIGN Laboratory investigation of pain behavior following spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE To explore changes in the spinal cord expression of nociceptive genes following spinal cord injury (SCI) as they relate to the manifestation of pain behavior in rats. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Neuropathic pain following SCI is common, disabling, and largely(More)