Vjacheslav V. Khalaman

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The pattern of development of a fouling community, based on research data on their formation in the mussel culture in the White Sea is presented. The succession may come to an end either by the mussel community or by the community of Styela rustica, which is analogous to the natural epitbenthic biocenosis of Laminaria saccharina. It also might develop with(More)
We have classified fouling communities developing on artificial substrates of mussel mariculture plants in Kandalakshskii Bay of the White Sea. Several major types of fouling have been distinguished: mussel fouling; fouling similar to the epifauna of the benthos biocenosis of Laminaria saccharinadominated by the ascidian Styela rusticaor sponges(More)
The effect of the excretory-secretory products of some fouling animals on the settling and metamorphosis of larvae of the solitary ascidian Styela rustica was assessed. The substances secreted by the sponge Halichondria panicea stimulated settling of larvae, but concurrently blocked their metamorphosis. The excretory-secretory products of the mussel Mytilus(More)
The replacement of an ascidian (Styela rustica L.) fouling community by a blue mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) community was described for the White Sea. The alternation of populations of these two species takes place in fouling communities developing in the upper 3- to 5-m layer of water. The life span of each type of fouling probably depends on interannual(More)
Based on eigenvector filtering and phase surface methods, the correlation between abundance dynamics and water temperature was studied in seven species of White Sea littoral polychaetes. Cyclic fluctuations in abundance with periods of approximately 5 and 12 years were revealed. Some instances of the 5-year cycles of abundance can be explained by climatic(More)
The byssus production of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis L. was studied in the laboratory in the presence of the metabolites of the following animals: a predator (a starfish Asterias rubens L.) and several species competing with the mussel in White Sea fouling communities (a bivalve Hiatella arctica L. and a solitary ascidian Styela rustica L.). The byssus(More)
The structure of fouling communities formed by the sponge Halichondria panicea in the White Sea is described. On artificial substrates exposed in the sea for a long time, this sponge forms overgrowths on the colonies of long-lived organisms such as the mussel Mytilus edulis or the ascidian Styela rustica. The biomass of algae and sedentary animals (other(More)
Patterns of long-term changes in fouling communities developing on artificial substrates in the White Sea are reviewed. The most significant shifts occurring in these communities are caused by biological successions that can last for several decades. Terminal stages of succession are the communities of a mussel Mytilus edulis or a solitary ascidian Styela(More)
Based on the data from long-term observations on the development of fouling communities of mussel culture farms in the White Sea, an analysis of dynamics of population density of common polychaete species was carried out. The expansion of the polychaete Lepidonotus squamatus for the past 9 years was recorded. Cyclic variations of population density were(More)
The physiological and biocenotic optima of Hiatella arctica L. inhabiting shallow water fouling communities of the White Sea were compared. The biomass and proportion of H. arctica in communities were used for the estimation of biocenotic optima or community success. The physiological state of populations was assessed by means of the fluctuating asymmetry.(More)