Viyyoor M. Girijavallabhan

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We have been developing a series of nonpeptidic, small molecule farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors that share a common tricyclic nucleus and compete with peptide/protein substrates for binding to farnesyl protein transferase. Here, we report on pharmacological and in vivo studies with SCH 66336, a lead compound in this structural class. SCH 66336(More)
Cleavage of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) polyprotein by the viral NS3 protease releases functional viral proteins essential for viral replication. Recent studies by Foy and coworkers strongly suggest that NS3-mediated cleavage of host factors may abrogate cellular response to alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) (E. Foy, K. Li, R. Sumpter, Jr., Y.-M. Loo, C. L.(More)
An issue of clinical importance in the development of new antivirals for HCV is emergence of resistance. Several resistance loci to ketoamide inhibitors of the NS3/4A protease have been identified (residues V36, T54, R155, A156, and V170) by replicon and clinical studies. Using SCH 567312, a more potent protease inhibitor derived from SCH 503034(More)
BACKGROUND Polioviruses are human pathogens and the causative agents of poliomyelitis. Polioviruses are icosahedral single-stranded RNA viruses, which belong to the picornavirus family, and occur as three distinct serotypes. All three serotypes of poliovirus can infect primates, but only type 2 can infect mice. The crystal structures of a type 1 and a type(More)
The structures of both the native holo-HCV NS3/4A protease domain and the protease domain with a serine 139 to alanine (S139A) mutation were solved to high resolution. Subsequently, structures were determined for a series of ketoamide inhibitors in complex with the protease. The changes in the inhibitor potency were correlated with changes in the buried(More)
Structure-activity studies on lead cyclobutenedione 3 led to the discovery of 4 (SCH 527123), a potent, orally bioavailable CXCR2/CXCR1 receptor antagonist with excellent cell-based activity. Compound 4 displayed good oral bioavailability in rat and may be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases.
Removal of the N-terminal formyl group from newly synthesized proteins by the enzyme peptide deformylase (PDF) is essential for normal growth of bacteria but not higher organisms. Recently, PDF has been explored as a target for novel antibiotics. Screening a collection of natural products for antimicrobial activity identified actinonin and two matlystatin(More)
Farnesyl protein transferase (FPT) inhibition is an interesting and promising approach to non-cytotoxic anticancer therapy. Research in this area has resulted in several orally active compounds that are currently in clinical evaluation. This review focuses on FPT inhibitors in clinical trials and concentrates on the benzocycloheptapyridine class, with(More)
SCH 48973 is a novel molecule with potent, selective, antienterovirus activity. In assays of the cytopathic effect against five picornaviruses, SCH 48973 had antiviral activity (50% inhibitory concentrations [IC50s]) of 0.02 to 0.11 microg/ml, with no detectable cytotoxicity at 50 microg/ml. SCH 48973 inhibited 80% of 154 recent human enterovirus isolates(More)
The 17-membered phenylalanine-based macrocycle 6 was prepared starting from 3-iodo-phenylalanine. Macrocyclization of alkene phenyl iodide 5 was effected through a palladium-catalyzed Heck reaction. The macrocyclic alpha-ketoamides were active inhibitors of the HCV NS3 protease, with the C-terminal acids and amides being more potent than tert-butyl esters.