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Software-controlled scratchpad memory is increasingly employed in embedded systems as it offers better timing predictability compared to caches. Previous scratchpad allocation algorithms typically consider single process applications. But embedded applications are mostly multi-tasking with real-time constraints, where the scratchpad memory space has to be(More)
Multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC) is an integrated circuit containing multiple instruction-set processors on a single chip that implements most of the functionality of a complex electronic system. An MPSoC architecture is, in general, customized for an embedded application. A critical component of this customization process is the on-chip memory system(More)
Scratchpad memory is a popular choice for on-chip storage in real-time embedded systems. The allocation of code/data to scratchpad memory is performed at compile time leading to predictable memory access latencies. Current scratchpad memory allocation techniques improve the average-case execution time of tasks. For hard real-time systems, on the other hand,(More)
Multi-core architectures consisting of multiple processing cores on a chip have become increasingly prevalent. Synthesizing hard real-time applications onto these platforms is quite challenging, as the contention among the cores for various shared resources leads to inherent timing unpredictability. This paper proposes the use of shared cache in a(More)
Accurate estimation of the worst-case execution time (WCET) of a program is important for real-time embedded software. Static WCET estimation involves program path analysis and architectural modeling. Path analysis is complex due to the inherent difficulty in detecting and exploiting infeasible paths in a program's control flow graph. In this paper, we(More)
Memory accesses form an important source of timing unpredictability. Timing analysis of real-time embedded software thus requires bounding the time for memory accesses. Multiprocessing, a popular approach for performance enhancement, opens up the opportunity for concurrent execution. However due to contention for any shared memory by different processing(More)
Statically estimating the worst case execution time (WCET) of a program is important for real-time software. This is difficult even in the programming language level due to the inherent difficulty in detecting and exploiting infeasible paths in a program's control flow graph. In this paper, we propose an efficient method to exploit in-feasible path(More)
Access control is a security aspect whose requirements evolve with technology advances and, at the same time, contemporary social contexts. Multitudes of access control models grow out of their respective application domains such as healthcare and collaborative enterprises; and even then, further administering means, human factor considerations , and(More)
"Vehicle to Grid" power or V2G will be a new green energy scheme that allows electricity to flow from Electric Vehicles (EVs) to power lines. The objective of this paper is to design and develop a secure wireless communication platform for V2G research, with the aim to develop a suitable wireless test bed for the V2G in Singapore. First, this paper presents(More)
Most research on automated specification-based software testing has focused on the automated generation of test cases. Before a software system can be tested, it must be set up according to the input requirements of the test cases. This setup process is usually performed manually, especially when testing complex data structures. After the system is properly(More)
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