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Acute toxicities of five commonly used antifouling booster biocides to selected subtropical and cosmopolitan marine species.
Since 1990s, various booster biocides have been increasingly used as substitutes of organotins. However, knowledge about their toxicities on tropical/sub-tropical marine species is significantlyExpand
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Temperature-dependent toxicities of chlorothalonil and copper pyrithione to the marine copepod Tigriopus japonicus and dinoflagellate Pyrocystis lunula
The anticipated anthropogenically-driven climate change may ultimately result in increased incidents of temperature extremes that will have profound implications on the toxicity of chemicalExpand
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Synergistic toxic effects of zinc pyrithione and copper to three marine species: Implications on setting appropriate water quality criteria.
Zinc pyrithione (ZnPT) is widely applied in conjunction with copper (Cu) in antifouling paints as a substitute for tributyltin. The combined effects of ZnPT and Cu on marine organisms, however, haveExpand
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Temperature-dependent physiological and biochemical responses of the marine medaka Oryzias melastigma with consideration of both low and high thermal extremes.
This study aimed to investigate temperature effect on physiological and biochemical responses of the marine medaka Oryzias melastigma larvae. The fish were subjected to a stepwise temperature changeExpand
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Toxicities of antifouling biocide Irgarol 1051 and its major degraded product to marine primary producers.
Irgarol 1051 (2-methythiol-4-tert-butylamino-6-cyclopropylamino-s-triazine) is an algaecide commonly used in antifouling paints. It undergoes photodegradation which yields M1Expand
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Copper toxicity in the marine copepod Tigropus japonicus: low variability and high reproducibility of repeated acute and life-cycle tests.
The intertidal copeopod Tigriopus japonicus, which is abundant and widely distributed along the coasts of Western Pacific, has been suggested to be a good marine ecotoxicity testing organism. In thisExpand
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Comparison of the Qwiklite™ algal bioluminescence test with marine algal growth rate inhibition bioassays
Although marine algal bioassays based on growth rate inhibition over 72–96 h have been widely used to assess the toxicity of contaminants in waters and sediments, changes in pH over the test durationExpand
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Acute and chronic toxicities of Irgarol alone and in combination with copper to the marine copepod Tigriopus japonicus.
Irgarol 1051 has been widely used as a booster biocide in combination with copper (Cu) in antifouling paints. The combined toxicity of Irgarol with Cu on marine organisms, however, has not been fullyExpand
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Acute and sub-lethal toxicities of two common pyrithione antifouling biocides to the marine amphipod Elasmopus rapax
This study investigated the acute and sub-lethal toxicities of two widely used antifouling booster biocides, copper pyrithione (CuPT) and zinc pyrithione (ZnPT) to the marine amphipod ElasmopusExpand
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Acute and chronic toxicities of zinc pyrithione alone and in combination with copper to the marine copepod Tigriopus japonicus.
Zinc pyrithione (ZnPT) is a widely used booster biocide in combination with copper (Cu) in antifouling paints as a substitute for tributyltin. The co-occurrence of ZnPT and Cu in coastal marineExpand
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