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Background Over-the-counter medicines must be supplied with appropriate, user-friendly medicine information to satisfactorily support consumer self-management and safe use. Product labels and written medicine information leaflets are highly accessible over-the-counter medicine information sources for consumers. Factors such as comprehensibility and design(More)
Android malware authors use sophisticated techniques to hide the malicious intent of their applications. They use cryptography or obfuscation techniques to avoid detection during static analysis. They can also avoid detection during a dynamic analysis. Frequently, the malicious execution is postponed as long as the malware is not convinced that it is(More)
PURPOSE Side effects and side-effect risk information can be provided using written medicine information. However, challenges exist in effectively communicating this information to consumers. This study aimed to explore broad consumer profiles relevant to ramipril and clopidogrel side-effect risk information interpretation. METHODS Three focus groups were(More)
BACKGROUND Consumer Medicine Information (CMI) is a brand-specific and standardized source of written medicine information available in Australia for all prescription medicines. Side-effect information is poorly presented in CMI and may not adequately address consumer information needs. OBJECTIVE To explore consumer opinions on (i) the presentation of(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) has proposed implementing a standardized over-the-counter (OTC) medicine label. However, there were mixed consumer opinions regarding a label proposed in 2012 and limited evidence demonstrating the usability of the revised (2014) format. OBJECTIVE To develop and examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Over-the-counter (OTC) labels help support safe medication use by consumers. In 2012, the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) released a consultation paper proposing OTC label standardization to improve label quality via implementation of the Medicine Information Box (MIB) label. However, consumer opinions of the MIB and(More)
BACKGROUND User testing evaluates written medicine information (WMI) usability by examining participants' ability to find and understand information. It can also be an effective method to determine how consumers say they will act on information on an over-the-counter (OTC) label. OBJECTIVE To examine consumers' proposed behaviors regarding dosage and(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore Australian and UK consumers' receipt and use of spoken and written medicine information and examine the role of leaflets for consumers of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines. METHODS Semistructured interviews were conducted with 37 Australian and 39 UK consumers to explore information received with their most recent OTC medicine(More)
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