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UNLABELLED First-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKI) provide significant clinical benefit in patients with advanced EGFR-mutant (EGFRm(+)) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients ultimately develop disease progression, often driven by acquisition of a second T790M EGFR TKI resistance mutation. AZD9291 is a novel oral, potent, and(More)
AZD0530, an orally available Src inhibitor, demonstrated potent antimigratory and anti-invasive effects in vitro, and inhibited metastasis in a murine model of bladder cancer. Antiproliferative activity of AZD0530 in vitro varied between cell lines (IC(50) 0.2 ->10μM). AZD0530 inhibited tumor growth in 4/10 xenograft models tested and dynamically inhibited(More)
AKT1(E17K) mutations occur at low frequency in a variety of solid tumors, including those of the breast and urinary bladder. Although this mutation has been shown to transform rodent cells in culture, it was found to be less oncogenic than PIK3CA mutations in breast epithelial cells. Moreover, the therapeutic potential of AKT inhibitors in human tumors with(More)
Demonstration of pharmacodynamic activity of new, targeted cancer drugs in tumour tissue is potentially important in guiding early drug development. However, delays between tumour sampling and sample fixation may result in variability of pharmacodynamic biomarkers. The aim of this study, was to assess the impact of delays in fixation on biomarkers of Src(More)
αvβ6 integrin expression is upregulated on a wide range of epithelial tumours, and is thought to play a role in modulating tumour growth. Here we describe a human therapeutic antibody 264RAD, which binds and inhibits αvβ6 integrin function. 264RAD cross-reacts with human, mouse and cynomolgus monkey αvβ6, and inhibits binding to all ligands including the(More)
The in vivo efficacy of the antitumor, immunosuppressive antibiotic mycophenolic acid is known to be limited by its rapid conversion to the biologically inactive 7-0-glucuronide, catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyl transferase activity, which is widely distributed among normal tissues, including intestinal epithelium. We have found that mycophenolic acid is also(More)
13010 Background: Src kinase expression and activity is increased in many solid tumors including breast cancer, and Src kinase has a role in the regulation of cancer cell invasion. Thus, Src kinase is a potential therapeutic target. Targeting cancer cell invasion may be of particular value in early disease, although drug effects are unlikely to be(More)
Early clinical trials of anticancer agents may be enriched by robust biomarkers of activity. Surrogate measures used in trials of cytotoxic agents, such as tumor size regression, may not be informative when investigating targeted agents that act principally to inhibit invasion or proliferation. This study aimed to determine the validity of invasion-related(More)
Continued androgen receptor (AR) expression and signaling is a key driver in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) after classical androgen ablation therapies have failed, and therefore remains a target for the treatment of progressive disease. Here, we describe the biological characterization of AZD3514, an orally bioavailable drug that inhibits(More)
The aim of this study is to assess the variability of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose ([18F]-FDG) and 3′-deoxy-3′-[18F]-fluorothymidine ([18F]-FLT) uptake in pre-clinical tumor models and examine the relationship between imaging data and related histological biomarkers. [18F]-FDG and [18F]-FLT studies were carried out in nine human tumor xenograft models in(More)