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This study addresses a central question in perception of novel figurative language: whether it is interpreted intelligently and figuratively immediately, or only after a literal interpretation fails. Eighty sentence frames that could plausibly end with a literal, truly anomalous, or figurative word were created. After validation for meaningfulness and(More)
  • V C Tartter
  • 1989
Whispering is a common, natural way of reducing speech perceptibility, but whether and how whispering affects consonant identification and the acoustic features presumed important for it in normal speech perception are unknown. In this experiment, untrained listeners identified 18 different whispered initial consonants significantly better than chance in(More)
In the present experiments, the effect of whisper register on speech perception was measured. We assessed listeners' abilities to identify 10 vowels in [hVd] context pronounced by 3 male and 3 female speakers in normal and whisper registers. Results showed 82% average identification accuracy in whisper mode, approximately a 10% falloff in identification(More)
Two experiments measured listeners' abilities to detect facial expression in unfamiliar speech in normal and whisper registers. Acoustic differences between speech produced with neutral or marked facial expression were also assessed. Experiment 1 showed that in a forced-choice identification task, listeners could accurately select frowned speech as such,(More)
Many deaf people in the USA communicate in American sign language (ASL), which has an expressive capacity equivalent to that of spoken language, although structurally independent of spoken languages. It comprises hand and arm movements often combined with particular facial gestures; together these are sufficiently precise to transmit all the complexities(More)
Two experiments assessed the abilities of aphasic patients and nonaphasic controls to perceive place of articulation in stop consonants. Experiment I explored labeling and discrimination of [ba, da, ga] continua varying in formant transitions with or without an appropriate burst onset appended to the transitions. Results showed general difficulty in(More)
Acoustic analyses of vowel-consonant-vowel (VCV) utterances indicate that they generally include formant transitions from the first vowel into a period of closure (VC transitions), and transitions out of the closure into the second vowel (CV transitions). Three experiments investigated the perceptual importance of the VC transitions, the CV transitions, and(More)