Vivianne Padrun

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Adenosine is an inhibitor of neuronal activity in the brain. The local release of adenosine from grafted cells was evaluated as an ex vivo gene therapy approach to suppress synchronous discharges and epileptic seizures. Fibroblasts were engineered to release adenosine by inactivating the adenosine-metabolizing enzymes adenosine kinase and adenosine(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken in order to assess the efficacy of a potent angiogenesis inhibitor, TNP-470, on tumor growth in a syngeneic rodent model of liver metastases from colorectal cancer. BACKGROUND New blood vessel formation is a prerequisite for primary and metastatic tumor growth. TNP-470, a synthetic derivative of fumagillin when(More)
PURPOSE Stem cells and their derivatives have emerged as a promising tool for cell-based drug delivery because of (a) their unique ability to differentiate into various somatic cell types, (b) the virtually unlimited donor source for transplantation, and (c) the advantage of being amenable to a wide spectrum of genetic manipulations. Previously,(More)
Chromaffin cells have been shown to release a combination of pain-reducing neuroactive compounds including catecholamines and opioid peptides. The allogeneic transplantation of chromaffin cells in the subarachnoid space has been shown to alleviate pain in various rodent models and possibly in terminal cancer patients. Because of the shortage of human(More)
PURPOSE Intraventricular cellular delivery of adenosine was recently shown to be transiently efficient in the suppression of seizure activity in the rat kindling model of epilepsy. We tested whether the suppression of seizures by adenosine-releasing grafts was independent of seizure frequency. METHODS Adenosine-releasing cells were encapsulated and(More)
Adenosine is an important inhibitory modulator of brain activity. In a previous ex vivo gene therapy approach, local release of adenosine by encapsulated fibroblasts implanted into the vicinity of an epileptic focus, was sufficient to provide transient protection from seizures (Huber, A., Padrun, V., Deglon, N., Aebischer, P., Mohler, H., Boison, D., 2001.(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) as an adjuvant in autologous cell-based anti-tumor immunotherapy has recently been approved for clinical application. To avoid the need for individualized processing of autologous cells, we developed a novel strategy based on the encapsulation of GM-CSF-secreting human allogeneic cells.(More)
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