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Variability in the expression of monogenic lipid disorders may be observed in patients carrying the same DNA mutation, suggesting possible genetic or environmental interactions. Our objective was to investigate the genotype-phenotype relationships in two unrelated French patients with an aggravated expression of a dominantly inherited hypercholesterolemia.(More)
1. The toxic effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the lower gastrointestinal tract share certain features with inflammatory processes, suggesting that the release of inflammation cytokines such as TNF-alpha may damage the intestine. 2. Rats received a s.c. injection of indomethacin. Then, jejunum-ileum was taken up for the quantification of(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activities are responsible for the enzymatic conversion of L-arginine into NO and L-citrulline. Relatively low amounts of NO are produced in intestinal epithelial cells or are released from nerve endings. The effects of NO production are related to the maintenance of epithelial integrity and permeability. A pathological role of(More)
OBJECTIVE The inflammatory component of most human inflammatory chronic diseases implicates the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and interleukin 1beta (IL1beta) seem to play an important role in ulcerative colitis (UC) in relevant experimental models. Moreover, antiTNF therapy seems promising experimentally and(More)
This study was aimed at elucidating the relation between the cytogenetic characteristics and the invasive ability of two human colonic adenocarcinoma cells lines, HT29 and CaCO2. These two cell lines have very different tumorigenic and metastatic capacities after intrasplenic injection into nude mice: high for HT29 and relatively weak for CaCO2. At the time(More)
Intestinal toxicity exerted by indomethacin was compared to that induced by copper-indomethacinate, free or associated to zwitterionic phospholipids. A single high dose of indomethacin (15 or 20 mg/kg), copper-indomethacinate (15 or 20 mg/kg), or copper-indomethacinate liposomes or nanocapsules (15 mg/kg) was orally administered. Then 24 hr later(More)
The pleiotropic cytokine leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) possesses proinflammatory properties in common with tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), interleukine (IL) -1 and -6, such as the induction of acute phase protein synthesis. LIF may have chemotactic activity through the induction of IL-8 production. LIF is produced by normal and tumoral cells and(More)
The present study compares the intestinal toxicity of nitro-flurbiprofen and flurbiprofen in order to determine their differential properties on tumour necrosis factor-alpha production and inducible nitric oxide synthase induction. Rats received one s.c. injection of flurbiprofen, nitro-flurbiprofen at equimolar dose of solvent. Twenty-four hours later, the(More)
The mode of Pneumocystis carinii transmission is controversial. Recent studies point to exogenous inoculation rather than reactivation, and person-to-person transmission has also been suggested. Comparison of nucleotide sequences of the large-subunit mitochondrial rRNA gene of P. carinii from human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients showed strain(More)