Viviana Volta

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PKC isoform betaII modulates translation and can be recruited on ribosomes via its scaffold RACK1 (receptor for activated protein kinase C 1), which resides on the 40S ribosomal subunit. However, whether a PKC activity exists on the ribosome is not yet demonstrated. We purified native ribosomes by two different techniques, which avoid stripping of(More)
Eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis and translation are linked processes that limit the rate of cell growth. Although ribosome biogenesis and translation are mainly controlled by distinct factors, eukaryotic initiation factor 6 (eIF6) has been found to regulate both processes. eIF6 is a necessary protein with a unique anti-association activity, which prevents(More)
Tif6p (eIF6) is necessary for 60S biogenesis, rRNA maturation and must be released from 60S to permit 80S assembly and translation. We characterized Tif6p interactors. Tif6p is mostly on 66S-60S pre-ribosomes, partly free. Tif6p complex(es) contain nucleo-ribosomal factors and Asc1p. Surprisingly, Tif6p particle contains the low-abundance endonuclease(More)
RACK1 (receptor for activated C kinase 1) is an abundant scaffolding protein, which binds active PKCbetaII (protein kinase C betaII) increasing its activity in vitro. RACK1 has also been described as a component of the small ribosomal subunit, in proximity to the mRNA exit channel. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that PKCbetaII plays a(More)
The receptor for activated C-kinase 1 (RACK1) is a conserved structural protein of 40S ribosomes. Strikingly, deletion of RACK1 in yeast homolog Asc1 is not lethal. Mammalian RACK1 also interacts with many nonribosomal proteins, hinting at several extraribosomal functions. A knockout mouse for RACK1 has not previously been described. We produced the first(More)
Multiple myeloma, the second most frequent hematologic tumor after lymphomas, is an incurable cancer. Recent sequencing efforts have identified the ribonuclease DIS3 as one of the most frequently mutated genes in this disease. DIS3 represents the catalytic subunit of the exosome, a macromolecular complex central to the processing, maturation and(More)
Protein homeostasis relies on a balance between protein synthesis and protein degradation. The ubiquitin-proteasome system is a major catabolic pathway for protein degradation. In this respect, proteasome inhibition has been used therapeutically for the treatment of cancer. Whether inhibition of protein degradation by proteasome inhibitor can repress(More)
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a poor prognosis disease lacking adequate therapy. We have previously shown that ascorbic acid administration is toxic to MPM cells. Here we evaluated a new combined therapy consisting of ascorbate/epigallocatechin-3-gallate/gemcitabine mixture (called AND, for Active Nutrients/Drug). In vitro effects of AND therapy(More)
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