Vivian Zabrenetzky

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Previous studies demonstrated that metastatic MDA-MB-435 breast carcinoma cells synthesized and secreted less of the extracellular matrix protein thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) than nonmetastatic breast carcinoma cell lines, a trend also observed for melanoma and lung carcinoma cell lines. To directly examine the effect of tumor cell TSP1 expression on tumor(More)
Suramin is a polysulfonated drug with several biological activities including inhibition of binding of some growth factors to cells, inhibition of tumor cell growth, and of glycosaminoglycan metabolism. We report here that suramin also inhibits binding of the adhesive glycoproteins, thrombospondin and laminin, to immobilized sulfatide with 50% inhibitory(More)
Synthetic peptides derived from the type I repeats of human platelet thrombospondin containing a consensus sequence Trp-Ser-Xaa-Trp bind to heparin, promote cell adhesion, and inhibit heparin-dependent interactions of melanoma cells with extracellular matrix components (Guo, N. H., Krutzsch, H. C., Nègre, E., Vogel, T., Blake, D. A., and Roberts, D. D.(More)
Thrombospondin (TSP) is a member of a family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins that may participate in multiple aspects of the metastatic cascade. We report an inverse correlation of steady-state Thbs-1 mRNA and protein expression with malignant progression among murine melanoma and human lung and breast carcinoma cell lines. Murine K-1735 melanoma cell(More)
Culture of PC-12 cells in 1 microM dexamethasone for 24, 48 or 72 hr did not alter significantly PC-12 cell total biopterin levels, although tyrosine hydroxylase activity in extracts of cell homogenates was increased 2- to 3-fold. Increasing the concentration of dexamethasone to 10 microM did not change biopterin levels or result in further increases in(More)
Bovine corneal endothelial cells showed a strong migratory response to specific simple sugars (D-glucose and sucrose, but not L-glucose, sorbitol, lactose, or D-galactose) at concentrations above 10 mM. Checkerboard analysis of the migratory responses in modified Boyden chambers indicated both chemotactic and chemokinetic effects. Serum starvation of the(More)
Cyclic AMP-sensitive protein kinase activity has been found in suspensions of purified rabbit peripheral myelin. The enzyme phosphorylated the P0, “Y”, X, P1, and P2 myelin proteins. Kinase activity, which was maximal at physiological pH, 2.5 mM Mg2+, and 2 νM cAMP, was stimulated three-fold over basal levels by cyclic AMP. Addition of calcium or EGTA had(More)
Thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) is an angiogenesis inhibitor that decreases tumor growth. We now report that TSP1 directly inhibits the proliferation of human melanoma cells. TSP1, peptides, and a recombinant fragment from the type I repeats, but not peptides that bind CD36 or CD47, inhibit the proliferation of A2058 melanoma cells. In contrast, chemotaxis is(More)
Recombinant apolipoprotein E-3 (ApoE-3), expressed in Escherichia coli, was purified and used in an in vitro and an in vivo model system for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated Kaposi's sarcoma (AIDS-KS). This protein blocked cell proliferation and chemotaxis of AIDS-KS cells in response to activated lymphocyte conditioned medium (AL-CM) and(More)