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BACKGROUND Significant socio-economic disparities have been reported in survival from colorectal cancer in a number of countries, which remain largely unexplained. We assessed whether possible differences in access to treatment among socio-economic groups may contribute to those disparities, using a population-based approach. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic yield for lung cancer from histological biopsy specimens and from washings and brushings for cytological examination taken at fibreoptic bronchoscopy. The records of 680 bronchoscopies were analysed. Of 300 patients eventually diagnosed as having a malignant lesion, 188 had had biopsy, washing,(More)
We wished to determine the prevalence of easy bruising in patients taking inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) compared with those who do not. Differences in age, dosage and duration of use of ICS between patients who bruised and those who did not were also investigated. Confidential questionnaire surveys were conducted over a 6 month study period amongst patients(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer incidence varies by socioeconomic group and these variations have been linked with environmental and lifestyle factors, differences in access to health care and health seeking behaviour. Socioeconomic variations in cancer incidence by region and age are less clearly understood but they are crucial for targeting prevention measures and(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of cervical cancer varies dramatically, both globally and within individual countries. The age-standardised incidence of cervical cancer was compared across primary care trusts (PCTs) in South East England, taking into account the prevalence of known behavioural risk factors, screening coverage and the deprivation of the area. (More)
The incidence rate of oral cancer among young people in the UK has been increasing since 1970s. The objective of this study was to compare relative survival of young people (under 45 years of age) diagnosed with oral cancer with that of older people (45 years and older) resident in South East England. Between 1986 and 2002, 5 year relative survival was(More)
BACKGROUND--Earlier studies of aerosol deposition in the lungs have relied on indirect labelling of Teflon spheres of a similar size distribution to the drug in question and have assumed similar aerodynamic properties. Using a modification of a new technique for directly labelling salbutamol, the deposition of salbutamol within the lungs of normal subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Information on suicide in ethnic and immigrant groups in England and Wales is limited. METHOD A three-year (1991-1993) survey was conducted of all unnatural deaths of residents of an urban area. 'True likely' and 'official' age-adjusted suicide rates were compared by ethnicity and, for Whites, birthplace. RESULTS Irrespective of verdict, 329(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of exercise induced hypoxaemia in determining submaximal exercise capacity, perceived breathlessness, and perceived exertion is not known. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation of these variables to the results of lung function tests and the degree of hypoxaemia during submaximal exercise in patients with airflow(More)
BACKGROUND Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma (EPSCC) is a rare cancer and few studies describe its epidemiology. Our objectives were to compare the incidence and survival of EPSCC in South East England with small cell carcinoma of the lung (SCLC), to determine the most common anatomical presenting sites for EPSCC and to compare survival in EPSCC by(More)