Vivian L. Gadsden

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Educators need accurate assessments of preschool cognitive growth to guide curriculum design, evaluation, and timely modification of their instructional programs. But available tests do not provide content breadth or growth sensitivity over brief intervals. This article details evidence for a multiform, multiscale test criterion-referenced to national(More)
was provided by Sheri Meland, Shauna Morimoto, and Sara Wakefield (University of Wisconsin) and Christine Schwartz (UCLA). Administrative data used were constructed under the supervision of Patricia Brown, CSDE Data Manager; survey data are from the Survey of Wisconsin Works Families, Margaret Krecker, Survey Manager. Steven Cook provided expert help with(More)
With the introduction of Wisconsin Works (W-2) in 1997, Wisconsin initiated a radically new approach to public assistance for low-income families. W-2 replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), the program that had previously offered cash to low-income, primarily single-parent families. W-2 participants are placed into one of four tiers of a "(More)
Activist teachers are increasingly organizing within and beyond their unions to respond to political trends toward austerity and the privatization of public education (Hursh, 2004; Quinn & Carl, 2015; Ravitch, 2010, 2013). Teacher-led grassroots groups often strive to partner in meaningful ways with parents and communities (Weiner, 2012), but simultaneously(More)
An exploratory study using a web-based questionnaire collected 1,405 responses, primarily from musicians in the United States and Canada. Questionnaire items measured the Big Five dimensions of personality, psychosomatic health, sources of occupational stress, general demographic variables, and music related variables. A three-stage hierarchical clustering(More)
Many have argued that narrators can partly construct themselves when they tell autobiographical stories. For this reason, autobiographical narrative has been proposed as a therapeutic tool (Anderson 1997; Cohler 1988; White and Epston 1990), as a means to critique unjust social orders (Personal Narratives Group 1989; Rosenwald and Ochberg 1992; Zuss 1997),(More)
Family environments can be characterized by their protective factors, risk factors, or both. Environments categorized as supportive and warm, where children are provided with resources such as a stimulating home environment, mother with a college degree, financial stability, and two-parent families afford children with many protective factors and have been(More)
A multiscale criterion-referenced test that featured two presumably equivalent forms (A and B), was administered to 1,667 Head Start children at each of four points over an academic year. Using a randomly equivalent groups design, three equating methods were applied: common-item IRT equating using concurrent calibration, linear transformation, and(More)