Vivian L. Chau

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Seeds respond to multiple different environmental stimuli that regulate germination. Nitrate stimulates germination in many plants but how it does so remains unclear. Here we show that the Arabidopsis NIN-like protein 8 (NLP8) is essential for nitrate-promoted seed germination. Seed germination in nlp8 loss-of-function mutants does not respond to nitrate.(More)
The human cytomegalovirus protein US11 induces the dislocation of MHC class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) into the cytosol for degradation by the proteasome. With the use of a fractionated, permeabilized cell system, we find that US11 activity is needed only in the cell membranes and that additional cytosolic factors are required for(More)
Tests of recognition memory in macaques typically assay memory for objects or isolated images, over time spans of seconds to hours from stimulus presentation, and/or require extensive training. Here, we propose a new application of the flicker change detection task that could measure object-in-scene memory days after single-trial exposures. In three(More)
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