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An N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive transport component (NSF) has been purified on the basis of its ability to support transport between Golgi cisternae. We now report that NSF is needed for membrane fusion. Thus, when NSF is withheld from incubations of Golgi stacks with cytosol and ATP, uncoated transport vesicles accumulate. Biochemical experiments confirm(More)
We take advantage of a cell-free system that reconstitutes essentially a single round of transport of the VSV-encoded G protein between Golgi cisternae to identify discrete stages in the maturation of carrier vesicles. Using GTP gamma S and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) as selective inhibitors to accumulate coated and uncoated vesicles, respectively, we find these(More)
The pericentriolar Golgi stacks are fragmented and found dispersed in mitotic mammalian cells. Addition of an antibody to the Golgi-associated protein GRASP65 inhibited Golgi fragmentation by mitotic cytosol in permeabilized cells. Microinjecting this antibody or the C-terminal fragment of GRASP65, which contains the antibody binding site, into normal rat(More)
GTP gamma S irreversibly inhibits protein transport between successive compartments of the Golgi stack in a cell-free system. Fluoride, potentiated by the addition of aluminum ion, also causes a strong inhibition. These are hallmarks of the involvement of a guanine nucleotide-binding or regulatory "G" protein. Inhibition by GTP gamma S requires a cytosolic(More)
When a kinase inactive form of Protein Kinase D (PKD-K618N) was expressed in HeLa cells, it localized to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and caused extensive tubulation. Cargo that was destined for the plasma membrane was found in PKD-K618N-containing tubes but the tubes did not detach from the TGN. As a result, the transfer of cargo from TGN to the plasma(More)
We describe a scheme for the purification of the nonclathrin-coated vesicles that mediate transport of proteins between Golgi cisternae and probably from ER to Golgi. These "Golgi-derived coated vesicles" accumulate when Golgi membranes are incubated with ATP and cytosol in the presence of GTP gamma S, a compound that blocks vesicle fusion. The coated(More)
Incubation of permeabilized cells with mitotic extracts results in extensive fragmentation of the pericentriolarly organized stacks of cisternae. The fragmented Golgi membranes are subsequently dispersed from the pericentriolar region. We have shown previously that this process requires the cytosolic protein mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 (MEK1).(More)
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma-associated antigen 5 (cTAGE5), an originally identified tumor antigen, is overexpressed in various cancer cell lines. The cDNA encodes an integral membrane protein containing two coiled-coil motifs and a proline-rich domain. We show that cTAGE5 specifically localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit sites. In addition, cTAGE5(More)
Primary cilia are nonmotile organelles implicated in signaling and sensory functions. Understanding how primary cilia assemble could shed light on the many human diseases caused by mutations in ciliary proteins. The centrosomal protein CP110 is known to suppress ciliogenesis through an unknown mechanism. Here, we report that CP110 interacts with CEP290--a(More)
We have reconstituted the fusion and assembly of vesiculated Golgi membranes (VGMs) into functionally active stacks of cisternae. A kinetic analysis of this assembly process revealed that highly dispersed VGMs of 60-90 nm diameter first fuse to form larger vesicles of 200-300 nm diameter that are clustered together. These vesicles then fuse to form tubular(More)