Vivek K. Pallipuram

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Recently, there has been strong interest in large-scale simulations of biological spiking neural networks (SNN) to model the human brain mechanisms and capture its inference capabilities. Among various spiking neuron models, the Hodgkin-Huxley model is the oldest and most compute intensive, whereas the more recent Izhikevich model is very compute efficient.(More)
During recent years General-Purpose Graphical Processing Units (GP-GPUs) have entered the field of High-Performance Computing (HPC) as one of the primary architectural focuses for many research groups working with complex scientific applications. Nvidia's Tesla C2050, codenamed Fermi, and AMD's Radeon 5870 are two devices positioned to meet the(More)
Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) can provide an efficient programmable resource for implementing hardware-based spiking neural networks (SNN). In this paper we present a hardware-software design that makes it possible to simulate large-scale (2 million neurons) biologically plausible SNNs on an FPGA-based system. We have chosen three SNN models from(More)
Recently, General Purpose Graphical Processing Units (GP-GPUs) have been identified as an intriguing technology to accelerate numerous data-parallel algorithms. Several GPU architectures and programming models are beginning to emerge and establish their niche in the High-Performance Computing (HPC) community. New massively parallel architectures such as the(More)
The quality of an image is highly critical for applications such as robotic vision, surveillance, medical imaging, etc. The images captured in real-time are seldom noise free and therefore require noise removal for further processing. Out of several proposed noise removal schemes, an isotropic diffusion filtering is known to achieve highly precise results.(More)
Today, scientific workflows on high-end non-dedicated clusters increasingly resemble directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). The execution trace analysis of the associated DAG-based workflows can provide valuable insights into the system behavior in general, and the occurrences of events like idle times in particular, thereby opening avenues for optimized resource(More)
Several biologically inspired applications have been motivated by Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) such as the Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) and Izhikevich models, owing to their high biological accuracy. The inherent massively parallel nature of the SNN simulations makes them a good fit for heterogeneous computing resources such as the General Purpose Graphical(More)
In the past forty years, the high-performance computing (HPC) community has been developing powerful and rigorous tools for predicting the performance of supercomputers from log traces. In this paper, we transform one of these approaches previously used for predicting idle resources in highend clusters into a method for capturing extreme climate events in(More)
While pursuing high performance and cost effectiveness for directed acyclic graph (DAG)-structured scientific workflow executions in the cloud, it is critical to identify appropriate resource instances and their quantity. This paper presents a testing engine that employs a resource-selection heuristic, which statically analyzes the DAG structure to guide(More)
Heterogeneous analytical models are valuable tools that facilitate optimal application tuning via runtime prediction; however, they require several man-hours of effort to understand and employ for meaningful performance prediction. Consequently, developers face the challenge of selecting adequate performance models that best fit their design goals and level(More)