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Pea plants were exposed to 0, 20, 50, and 100 µM chromium [Cr(VI)] to investigate oxidative stress in isolated chloroplasts. Leaf area and biomass accumulation were significantly reduced at higher Cr supply. Generation of superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, and ·OH radical generation was enhanced in the chloroplasts isolated from Cr-exposed pea plants. Cr(VI)(More)
The natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) among patients after renal transplantation (RT) remains incompletely defined. We conducted a systematic review of the published medical literature on the impact of hepatitis C antibody status on survival of patients who received RT. We used the random effects model of DerSimonian and Laird to generate a summary(More)
The effect of chromium (Cr) on growth as well as root plasma membrane redox reactions and superoxide radical production was studied in pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Azad) plants exposed for 7 days to 20 and 200 μM Cr (VI), respectively, supplied as potassium dichromate. The growth of pea plants declined significantly at 200 μM Cr, as indicated by reduced leaf(More)
Vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) has strong stimulating effects on vascularization. Though very potent, VEGF is rapidly degraded due to its short half-life and when administrated by uncontrolled and nonspecific methods; however, its systemic administration in large doses can cause harmful side effects. Controlled release technology would allow(More)
The efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon monotherapy in patients with chronic renal failure and chronic hepatitis C remains unclear, although a number of small clinical trials have been published addressing this issue. A systematic review of the literature with a meta-analysis of clinical trials was performed in order to assess efficacy and safety of(More)
BACKGROUND The hepatorenal syndrome is a severe and well-known complication of end-stage liver disease, but its management is controversial. Recent reports have shown the efficacy of terlipressin therapy, a vasopressin analogue, in hepatorenal syndrome patients. AIM To evaluate the efficacy and safety of terlipressin in the treatment of hepatorenal(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and kidney disease are both highly prevalent diseases. The association between HCV and GN has been supported by previous research but little is known about the relationship between HCV and kidney disease. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS A systematic review of the published medical(More)
Direct sequencing and analysis of viral genomes are definitive methods for identifying various hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes. However, HCV genome sequencing methods are cumbersome and unsuitable for analyzing large numbers of clinical samples. We have developed a convenient, reliable, and reproducible RIBA strip immunoblot assay system for determining(More)
The efficacy and safety of combined interferon (IFN) plus ribavirin in patients on long-term dialysis and chronic hepatitis C remains unclear, although a number of small clinical trials have addressed this issue. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of combination antiviral therapy (conventional or pegylated interferon plus ribavirin) in dialysis patients(More)
BACKGROUND Patients on maintenance dialysis typically show a suboptimal immune response to hepatitis B virus vaccine compared with the non-uraemic population. A variety of inherited or acquired factors have been implicated in this diminished response. Age-associated changes in immune status may contribute to decreased vaccine efficacy in older individuals(More)