Vittorio Maio

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Drug utilization studies in pregnant women are crucial to inform pharmacovigilance efforts in human teratogenicity. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of prescription drug use among pregnant women in Regione Emilia-Romagna (RER), Italy. We conducted a retrospective prevalence study using data from the RER health care database.(More)
BACKGROUND In the US, a growing body of epidemiological studies has documented widespread potentially inappropriate medication prescribing among the elderly in outpatient settings. However, only limited information exists in Europe. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication prescribing among elderly outpatients in Emilia(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are preventable medication errors associated with potentially serious adverse events and death. Several studies have examined the prevalence of potential DDIs among ambulatory patients in various countries. Limited recent data on the prevalence of potential DDIs in Italy are available in the medical(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND The study evaluated the use of Italian hospital discharge data (SDO, scheda di dimissione ospedaliera) for identifying women with incident breast cancer, determining stage at diagnosis and assessing quality of care. STUDY DESIGN Women aged 20+ years residing in the Regione Emilia-Romagna, Italy, between 2002 and 2005 were studied. Case(More)
Thousands of Americans are injured or die each year from adverse drug reactions, many of which are preventable. The burden of harm conveyed by the use of medications is a significant public health problem, and therefore, improving the medication-use process is a priority. Recent and ongoing efforts to improve the medication-use process have focused(More)
Studies evaluating the association between statins and colorectal cancer (CRC) have used various methods to address bias and have reported mixed findings. We sought to assess the association in a large cohort of residents in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, using multiple methods to address different sources of confounding. We also sought to explore potential effect(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE Increasing attention is being paid to inappropriate medication prescribing for the elderly. A growing body of studies have detected a prevalence of inappropriate prescribing ranging from 12% to 40% worldwide, including Regione Emilia-Romagna, Italy. To improve quality of prescribing, a multi-phase pilot project in the Local(More)
BACKGROUND Polypharmacy, the simultaneous taking of many medications, has been well documented and is a topic of much concern for those looking to improve the quality of care for the elderly. Elderly patients often develop complicated and multifactorial health states that require extensive pharmacotherapy, leaving this population at risk for exposure to(More)