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We report the presence of two Pax6-related genes, Pax6A and Pax6B, which are highly conserved in two planarian species Dugesia japonica and Girardia tigrina (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida). Pax6A is more similar to other Pax6 proteins than Pax6B, which is the most divergent Pax6 described so far. The planarian Pax6 homologs do not show any clear orthology to(More)
A conserved network of nuclear proteins is crucial to eye formation in both vertebrates and invertebrates. The finding that freshwater planarians can regenerate eyes without the contribution of Pax6 suggests that alternative combinations of regulatory elements may control the morphogenesis of the prototypic planarian eye. To further dissect the molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Mammalian stem cells are difficult to access experimentally; model systems that can regenerate offer an alternative way to characterize stem cell related genes. Planarian regeneration depends on adult pluripotent stem cells--the neoblasts. These cells can be selectively destroyed using X-rays, enabling comparison of organisms lacking stem cells(More)
Planarians are the free-living members (order Tricladida) of the phylum Platyhelminthes. They are triploblastic, acoelomate, unsegmented and located at the base of the Lophotrochozoa clade. Besides their huge regenerative capacity, planarians have simple eyes, considered similar to the prototypic eye suggested by Charles Darwin in his book 'On the Origin of(More)
BACKGROUND High grade gliomas are one of the most difficult cancers to treat and despite surgery, radiotherapy and temozolomide-based chemotherapy, the prognosis of glioma patients is poor. Resistance to temozolomide is the major barrier to effective therapy. Alternative therapeutic approaches have been shown to be ineffective for the treatment of(More)
OBJECTIVE Peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBRs) are part of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, and their activation may induce cell death. PBRs are expressed in human pancreatic islets, and cytokine-induced damage is accompanied by changes in their properties. We hypothesized that PBRs can have a role in human islet physiopathology, and(More)
A(3) adenosine receptors have been proposed to play an important role in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia with a regimen-dependent nature of the therapeutic effects probably related to receptor desensitization and down-regulation. Here we studied the agonist-induced internalization of human A(3) adenosine receptors in transfected Chinese hamster(More)
permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Profiling neoblast gene expression <p>Comparison of the gene-expression profiles of planarians in which all adult pluripotent stem cells (neoblasts) were eliminated and wild-type worms identified a putative neoblast-restricted gene set. This(More)
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