Vittorio Farina

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OBJECTIVES Diabetic complications can often affect the central nervous system since the chronic exposure to hyperglycemia can result in the production of high concentration of reactive oxygen species with subsequent damage of several cell structures such as the cytoskeleton. In order to antagonize the oxidative status many substances have been tested as(More)
OBJECTIVES Using undifferentiated mouse neuroblastoma cells (C1300), we have previously observed that testosterone (T) exerts a neuroprotective action against oxidative stress. Nitrogen intermediates induce the production of 3-nitro-L-tyrosine (3NT), an amino acid analogue involved in many neurodegenerative disorders. The aim of our work is to investigate T(More)
A lot of evidence testifies that aromatase is expressed in the central nervous system where it has been detected not only in hypothalamic and limbic regions but also in the cerebral cortex and spinal cord. In physiological conditions, aromatase is expressed exclusively by neurons, where it has been mainly found in cell bodies, processes and synaptic(More)
The effects of fruit on bud sprouting and vegetative growth were compared on fruiting and defruited loquat trees from fruit set onward. Carbohydrate and nitrogen content in leaves and bark tissues and hormone concentrations were studied during the fruit development and vegetative growth periods. On defruited trees, a significant proportion of buds sprouted(More)
The authors have studied the vegetative and sensitive somatic innervation of the retractor penis muscle in some domestic animals. This last component is constituted by encapsulated receptors classified as Pacini, Pacini-like, Golgi-Mazzoni's corpuscles and Krause's end bulbs (genital corpuscles). They have also emphasized the structural characteristics of(More)
OBJECTIVES In addition to being regulated by the hypothalamo-hypophyseal system, testosterone (T) secretion is influenced by a number of less understood mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to examine whether defined areas of the right cerebral cortex could modulate T production. METHODS In adult male Wistar rats right frontal or occipital(More)
OBJECTIVE This research reports the expression of topoisomerase βII in fetal sheep neuronal cells. The β isoform of DNA topoisomerase II plays a role in DNA repair process in non proliferating cells as neurons and its expression tends to be downregulated with senescence. METHODS Cortical neurons from 60-day-old sheep embryos underwent two protocols: the(More)
Neurons confined to the central nervous system usually fail to regenerate their axons after injury, although evidence of axonal re-growth has been reported. In this study, rat transcallosal fibres were severed in the midline in order to investigate the reactive plasticity responses in the frontal and occipital cortices of both sides. The expression of(More)
The amino acid analogue 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) is formed in neural cells as a result of the intense stimulation of NMDA glutamate receptors. 3-NT is involved in the pathology of diverse neurodegenerative disorders. The aim of our work is to investigate the sensitivity of cultured neural and glial cells to 3-NT. We report the morphological changes detected(More)