Vittorio Dalmastri

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BACKGROUND To compare standard heparin (SH) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in terms of anticoagulation, platelet activation and lipid metabolism, we selected 54 patients who had been on 4-hour hemodialysis three times weekly for at least 12 months, without bleeding disorders or dyslipidemic diseases. 28 were on hemodialysis with Polysulfone(More)
BACKGROUND Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) manifest hypercoagulable state that contributes to an increased incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), not only early but also late in their course. KTRs display an imbalance of hemostatic mechanisms with a multifactorial rise in procoagulant factors, partly related to traditional risk factors and partly to(More)
BACKGROUND An increased admission of high-risk patients to diagnostic and interventional radiological procedures with contrast medium has resulted in an increase of contrast-induced nephropathy, which now represents the third main cause of hospital-acquired acute renal failure. The pathogenic mechanism of contrast-induced nephropathy (CN) is unclear, but(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a complication of cardiothoracic and noncardiothoracic surgery. Kidney transplant recipients bear several known risk factors and may have a higher incidence of POAF. We retrospectively studied kidney and kidney/liver transplant recipients to estimate their POAF incidence and identify relevant risk(More)
In the last 10 years the percentage of dialysis patients suffering from clinical intradialytic intolerance has greatly increased. Profiled hemodialysis (PHD) is a new technical approach, alternative to standard hemodialysis (SHD) for the treatment of intradialytic symptomatic hypotension. It is based on intradialytic modulation of the dialysate sodium(More)
BACKGROUND While chronic renal damage is a condition with low-grade inflammation, the potential role of inflammation in kidney disease as a marker of cardiovascular damage is of current interest. This study analyzed the relationship between renal dysfunction, chronic inflammation, and extension of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with non-ST-segment(More)
BACKGROUND Among dialysis patients in the last 10 years the incidence of intradialytic dysequilibrium syndrome and symptomatic hypotension has increased significantly. Profiled haemodialysis (PHD), a new dialysis technique based on intradialytic modulation of the dialysate sodium concentration according to pre-elaborated individual profiles, has been set up(More)
A mathematical model of solute kinetics for the improvement of hemodialysis treatment is presented. It includes a two-compartment description of the main solutes and a three-compartment model of body fluids (plasma, interstitial and intracellular). The main model parameters can be individually assigned a priori, on the basis of body weight and plasma(More)