Vittorio Cristini

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We study solid tumor ( carcinoma) growth in the nonlinear regime using boundary-integral simulations. The tumor core is nonnecrotic and no inhibitor chemical species are present. A new formulation of the classical models [18,24,8,3] is developed and it is demonstrated that tumor evolution is described by a reduced set of two dimensionless parameters and is(More)
We present a multi-scale computer simulator of cancer progression at the tumoral level, from avascular stage growth, through the transition from avascular to vascular growth (neo-vascularization), and into the later stages of growth and invasion of normal tissue. We use continuum scale reaction-diffusion equations for the growth component of the model, and(More)
Despite major scientific, medical and technological advances over the last few decades, a cure for cancer remains elusive. The disease initiation is complex, and including initiation and avascular growth, onset of hypoxia and acidosis due to accumulation of cells beyond normal physiological conditions, inducement of angiogenesis from the surrounding(More)
We extend the diffuse interface model developed in Wise et al. (2008) to study nonlinear tumor growth in 3-D. Extensions include the tracking of multiple viable cell species populations through a continuum diffuse-interface method, onset and aging of discrete tumor vessels through angiogenesis, and incorporation of individual cell movement using a hybrid(More)
In this article, we present a new multiscale mathematical model for solid tumour growth which couples an improved model of tumour invasion with a model of tumour-induced angiogenesis. We perform nonlinear simulations of the multi-scale model that demonstrate the importance of the coupling between the development and remodeling of the vascular network, the(More)
Simulating cancer behavior across multiple biological scales in space and time, i.e., multiscale cancer modeling, is increasingly being recognized as a powerful tool to refine hypotheses, focus experiments, and enable more accurate predictions. A growing number of examples illustrate the value of this approach in providing quantitative insights in the(More)
This is the first paper in a two-part series in which we develop, analyze, and simulate a diffuse interface continuum model of multispecies tumor growth and tumor-induced angiogenesis in two and three dimensions. Three-dimensional simulations of nonlinear tumor growth and neovascularization using this diffuse interface model were recently presented in(More)
The intracellular and extracellular dynamics that govern tumor growth and invasiveness in vivo remain poorly understood. Cell genotype and phenotype, and nutrient, oxygen, and growth factor concentrations are key variables. In previous work, using a reaction-diffusion mathematical model based on variables that directly describe tumor cell cycle and biology,(More)
Zheng et al. (2004) developed a multiscale, two-dimensional tumor simulator with the capability of showing tumoral lesion progression through the stages of diffusion-limited dormancy, neo-vascularization (angiogenesis) and consequent rapid growth and tissue invasion. In this paper we extend their simulator to describe delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to a(More)
An algorithm is presented for the adaptive restructuring of meshes on evolving surfaces. The resolution of the relevant local length scale is maintained everywhere with prescribed accuracy through the minimization of an appropriate mesh energy function by a sequence of local restructuring operations. The resulting discretization depends on the instantaneous(More)