Vittorio Colizzi

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Sida acuta is a shrub indigenous to pantropical regions. The plant is widely used for its various pharmacological properties. Among compounds of pharmacological interest occurring in the plant, are indoloquinoline alkaloids. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of alkaloids of S. acuta from Burkina Faso. The alkaloids(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replicates more efficiently in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-infected macrophages than in uninfected controls. We investigated whether this may be partly explained by changes in expression of CCR5 in the course of mycobacterial infection, as this molecule has been shown to be a coreceptor for HIV entry. Since the lung(More)
Rapid diagnosis and treatment are important for preventing transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, the diagnosis of tuberculosis continues to pose serious problems, mainly because of difficulties in differentiating between patients with active tuberculosis and those with healed lesions, normal mycobacterium boris BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)(More)
Vgamma9Vdelta2 T lymphocytes are broadly reactive against various intracellular pathogens and display both lytic and proliferative responses to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected cells. HIV infection of peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures led to absolute increases in Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cells accompanied by decreased p24 levels. Strong(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a monocyte/macrophage (M/M) parasite, which has developed several mechanisms to survive and multiply intracellularly. On the other hand, infected cells are engaged in the effort to reduce mycobacterial viability. On this ground, we report that MTB infection predisposes M/M to a pro-apoptotic ATP-based signalling, which is(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) are virulent intracellular pathogens that invade and multiply within macrophages. The effect of M. tuberculosis on HIV-1 infection and replication was analyzed in vitro using human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells by countercurrent(More)
The testing of dried blood spots (DBSs) for human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA by PCR is a technology that has proven to be particularly valuable in diagnosing exposed infants. We implemented this technology for HIV-1 early infant diagnosis (EID) and HIV-1 RNA viral load determination in infants born of HIV-1-seropositive mothers from remote(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a natural lysophospholipid able to enhance antimycobacterial innate immune response. In the present study, we address the possible therapeutic role of S1P administered during primary or acute infection in mice aerogenically infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Results show that the administration of S1P during(More)
The presence of heat shock proteins (HSPs) on the surface of tumor cells suggested the possibility of using stress proteins as immunological target for specific immunotoxins (ITs). Flow cytometry analysis showed that U937 cells constitutively express both 28 and 60 kDa HSP in vitro, while the HPC-4 cells only express surface HSPs when grown in vivo, i.e.(More)