Vittoria Ottani

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Fibrous extracellular matrix of tendon is considered to be an inextensible anatomical structure consisting of type I collagen fibrils arranged in parallel bundles. Under polarized light microscopy the collagen fibre bundles appear crimped with alternating dark and light transverse bands. This study describes the ultrastructure of the collagen fibrils in(More)
This research investigated whether stretching of lung tissue due to increased positive alveolar pressure swings during mechanical ventilation (MV) at various tidal volumes (V(T)) might affect the composition and/or structure of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) components of pulmonary extracellular proteoglycans. Experiments were performed in 30 healthy rats: 1)(More)
Primary implant stability is ensured by a mechanical fixation of implants. However, during implant healing a biological anchorage is necessary to achieve final osseointegration. Aim of this study was to investigate the histological aspects of biological fixation around titanium screws. Forty-eight titanium screws with different surfaces (smooth, plasma(More)
Most studies on the interaction of collagen with proteoglycans, two universal components of connective tissues, use technical approaches which substantially modify the shape and size of the proteoglycans themselves. In the present study unfixed, untreated collagen fibrils from rat tail tendon were dehydrated and observed by tapping-mode atomic force(More)
Collagen fibril ultrastructure and course were examined in different connective tissues by PLM, SEM, TEM, and AFM. In tendons, collagen fibrils were large and heterogeneous with a straight subfibrillar arrangement. They ran densely packed, parallel, and straight changing their direction only in periodic crimps where fibrils showed a local deformation(More)
Partially hepatectomised rats have been exposed immediately after surgery and every 12 hours thereafter to pulsed extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields. Stereological analysis performed on electron micrographs has shown that the treatment limits the depletion of liver glycogen found in control untreated rats within the first post-operative day. The(More)
PURPOSE The design of an implant plays a fundamental role in the osseointegration process, particularly in low-density bone. It has been postulated that design features that maximize the surface area available for contact may improve mechanical anchorage and primary stability in cancellous bone. Two different implant profiles were compared to evaluate the(More)
Nuchal ligament is composed almost exclusively of elastic fibres and collagen fibrils, interwoven very closely and lying parallel to the main ligament axis. Elastic fibres are very large, straight and roughly cylindrical; the collagenous matrix consists of septa of diminishing size forming a 3-dimensional matrix that envelops fibre bundles as well as(More)
Tendons and ligaments have similar but slightly different structure and composition. Crimps of tendons and ligaments are morphological structures related to the elastic functional properties of these connective tissues. Aim of this study was to investigate the morphological arrangement of collagen fibres, fibrils and crimping pattern of suprapatellar(More)